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Master IELTS General Training Volume 6

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Published on: 06 Nov 2019

Views: 16,826

Tests Taken: 6,114

Reading Practice Test 1

Answer Keys:

  • 1 recently deceased
  • 2 pollen
  • 3 hair analysis
  • 4 pollen
  • 5 3 / three times
  • 6 pain relief
  • 7 chief
  • 8 A waterproof coat
  • 9 family business
  • 10 20 / twenty
  • 11 industrial revolution
  • 12 waste product
  • 13 textiles
  • 14 k
  • 15 C
  • 16 B
  • 17 A
  • 18 B
  • 19 A
  • 20 C
  • 21 FALSE
  • 22 TRUE
  • 23 TRUE
  • 24 FALSE
  • 25 FALSE
  • 26 NOT GIVEN
  • 27 FALSE
  • 32 Arabica
  • 33 Robusta
  • 34 caffeine
  • 35 1.7 - 4%
  • 36 ghee / clarified butter
  • 37 learned imam
  • 38 a few
  • 39 peaberry
  • 40 ditch water
  • 28 B
  • 29 A
  • 30 D
  • 31 C

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Review & Explanations:

Section 1: Questions 1-14

Questions 1-7

Complete the summary below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet.

Originally thought to be a climber that had 1  not long ago, Ötzi was then found to be an ancient mummy that had lived over 5,000 years ago. Scientists determined the location he had lived in because his body had a certain type of 2 on it.

Through 3 we now know that he regularly ate a mixture of different foods including wheat bread and root vegetables. The season he died in was also worked out by the presence of 4 . Ötzi was not in the best of health and had in fact been ill  5 not so long ago as shown by marks on his nails. Different tattoos on his body might have been used for 6 . He was a well dressed man with the type of clothes that suggested he was a tribal 7

  • 1 Answer: recently deceased
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q1:  Originally thought to be a climber that had ____ not long ago, Ötzi was then found to be an ancient mummy that had lived over 5,000 years ago.

    When first found people thought this was the body of a recently deceased climber. It was only when Ötzi was taken to the University of Innsbruck that it was fairly quickly determined that this was an ancient mummy.

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a verb in past participle form as it follows the verb “had”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 2, the answer of Q1 may be found in this paragraph.

    • In paragraph 2, it is stated that “Before being found to be an ancient mummy, Ötzi was originally thought to be a climber that had deceased not long ago” .

    • Therefore, the answer of Q1 is “deceased”.

  • 2 Answer: pollen
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q2: Scientists determined the location he had lived in because his body had a certain type of ____ on it.

    It was even possible to tell which village he had lived in by the type of pollen and dust grains found on his body.

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a noun as it follows the phrase “type of”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 3, the answer of Q2 may be found in this paragraph.

    • In paragraph 3, it is stated that “Scientist determined the village he had lived in because his body had a certain type of pollen and dust grains on it

    • Therefore, the answer of Q2 is “pollen”.

  • 3 Answer: hair analysis
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q3:  Through ____ we now know that he regularly ate a mixture of different foods including wheat bread and root vegetables.  

    His diet from several months before he died was determined by hair analysis and shown to be a mixture of different meats, wheat bread, root vegetables, fruits, and other grains

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a noun as it follows the preposition “through”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 4, the answer of Q3 may be found in this paragraph.

    • In paragraph 4, it is stated that “Through hair analysis, we now know that he  regularly ate a mixture of different foods including wheat bread and root vegetables.”

    • Therefore, the answer of Q3 is “hair analysis”.

  • 4 Answer: pollen
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q4:  The season he died in was also worked out by the presence of ____ . 

    Ötzi’s death most likely happened in the spring because of the presence of very fresh pollen that is only seen at this time of year.

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a noun as it follows the preposition “of”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 5, the answer of Q4 may be found in this paragraph. “be worked out” in this case means “be solved

    • In paragraph 5, it is stated that “The season he died in was worked out by the presence of very fresh pollen

    • Therefore, the answer of Q4 is “(fresh) pollen”.

    • Remember that the answer must be no more than 2 words. Hence the answer cannot be “very fresh pollen

  • 5 Answer: 3 / three times
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q5: Ötzi was not in the best of health and had in fact been ill ____ not so long ago as shown by marks on his nails.

    Lines on one of the two fingernails found indicate that he had been ill three times in the last six months.

    Note: 

    • The blank should be an adverb or the number of times he had been ill  as it follows the adjective “ill”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 7, the answer of Q5 may be found in this paragraph. 

    • In paragraph 7, it is stated that “Marks on Ötzi’s nails show that he had been ill three times in the last six months

    • Therefore, the answer of Q5 is “three times”.

    • Remember that the answer must be in plural form.

  • 6 Answer: pain relief
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q6:  Different tattoos on his body might have been used for ____ 

    These might have been for decoration but it is thought that they are connected to pain relief treatments similar to acupuncture and acupressure.

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a noun as it follows the preposition “for”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 7, the answer of Q6 may be found in this paragraph. 

    • In paragraph 7, it is stated that “Different tattoos on his body might have been used for pain relief

    • Therefore, the answer of Q6 is “pain relief”.

    • In paragraph 7, it is also mentioned that “Tattoos might have been for decoration”. But decoration is not thought to be the main usage of these tattoos. Hence, “decoration” is not the answer”

  • 7 Answer: chief
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q7:  He was a well dressed man with the type of clothes that suggested he was a tribal ____

    This was seen as very sophisticated for the time and suggests that Ötzi was a chief of his tribe

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a noun as it follows the adjective “tribal”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 8, the answer of Q7 may be found in this paragraph. 

    • In paragraph 8, it is stated that “His sophisticated type of clothes suggested he was a tribal chief

    • Therefore, the answer of Q7 is “chief”.

Questions 8-14

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 8-14 on your answer sheet.

8 was impossible to buy more than 200 years ago.

Macintosh went to university instead of working for the 9

By the time he was 10 he had started his own company.

Macintosh played a big part in the 11 that was happening at the time.

Coal tar naptha was a 12 from the coal gas industry.

After some research Macintosh was able to make 13 waterproof.

The raincoat was finally ready when he added a 14

  • 8 Answer: A waterproof coat
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q8:  ____  was impossible to buy more than 200 years ago.

    It is difficult to imagine in today’s world of high technology but in the 19th century it was impossible to find a waterproof coat.

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a noun as it is followed by the to be verb “was”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 1, the answer of Q8 may be found in this paragraph. 

    • In paragraph 1, it is stated that “It was impossible to buy a waterproof coat more than 200 years ago

    • Therefore, the answer of Q8 is “a waterproof coat”.

  • 9 Answer: family business
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q9: Macintosh went to university instead of working for the ____

    Born in 1766, he was expected to spend his life working for his father in the family business dyeing wool and silk. Charles had other ideas, after leaving school, he studied chemistry at a university in Glasgow

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a noun as it follows the article “the”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 2, the answer of Q9 may be found in this paragraph. 

    • In paragraph 2, it is stated that “Macintosh went to university instead of working for the family business as expected

    • Therefore, the answer of Q9 is “family business”.

    • As the blank follow the article “the”, the answer cannot be “father

  • 10 Answer: 20 / twenty
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q10: By the time he was ____ he had started his own company.  

    By the time he was twenty Charles had given up his job and had opened up his own company

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a number (Charles’s age) as it follows the phrase “by the time he was”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 3, the answer of Q10 may be found in this paragraph. 

    • In paragraph 3, it is stated that “By the time he was twenty he had started his own company

    • Therefore, the answer of Q10 is “twenty” or “20”.

  • 11 Answer: industrial revolution
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q11: Macintosh played a big part in the ____ that was happening at the time.

    This was an essential part of the industrial revolution that was happening in Britain at the time

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a noun as it follows the article “the”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 4, the answer of Q11 may be found in this paragraph. 

    • In paragraph 4, it is stated that “Macintosh played a big part in the industrial revolution that was happening at the time

    • Therefore, the answer of Q11 is “industrial revolution”.

  • 12 Answer: waste product
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q12: Coal tar naphtha was a ____ from the coal gas industry.

    Charles became interested in finding a use for the waste products from the coal gas industry. One of these was the waste product known as coal tar naphtha.

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a noun as it follows the article “a”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 5, the answer of Q12 may be found in this paragraph. 

    • In paragraph 5, it is stated that “Coal tar naphtha was a waste product from the coal gas industry

    • Therefore, the answer of Q12 is “waste product”.

  • 13 Answer: textiles
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q13:  After some research Macintosh was able to make ____ waterproof.

    The result was a liquid rubber that when combined with other textiles made them waterproof.

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a noun as it follows the verb “make”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 6, the answer of Q13 may be found in this paragraph. 

    • In paragraph 6, it is stated that “After some research Macintosh was able to make textiles waterproof after combining them with a liquid rubber

    • Therefore, the answer of Q13 is “textiles”.

    • Remember that the answer must be in plural form.

  • 14 Answer: k
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q14:  The raincoat was finally ready when he added a ____ 

    It was sold to the public as the world’s first raincoat – the Mackintosh. Note the added ‘k’ to Charles’s name.

    Note: 

    • The blank should be a noun as it follows the article “a”.

    • As the parallel expressions of keywords appear in paragraph 6, the answer of Q14 may be found in this paragraph. 

    • In paragraph 6, it is stated that “The first raincoat was sold when Charles added a k to his name to make it as the raincoat’s brand

    • Therefore, the answer of Q14 is “k”.

Section 1

READING PASSAGE 1

Ötzi the Iceman

Read the text below and answer Questions 1–7

Found in 1991 in the Ötztal Alps this well preserved mummy of a man has been affectionately nicknamed Ötzi the Iceman. He is Europe’s oldest natural human mummy and has been estimated to have lived around 3,300 BC.

When first found people thought this was the body of a recently deceased climber. It was only when Ötzi was taken to the University of Innsbruck that it was fairly quickly determined that this was an ancient mummy.

It was finally determined that Ötzi was about 45 years old when he died, weighed 50kg, and was 1.65 metres tall. It was even possible to tell which village he had lived in by the type of pollen and dust grains found on his body.

His diet from several months before he died was determined by hair analysis and shown to be a mixture of different meats, wheat bread, root vegetables, fruits, and other grains. 

Ötzi’s death most likely happened in the spring because of the presence of very fresh pollen that is only seen at this time of year.

High levels of copper and arsenic were also found in his hair suggesting that he might have been involved in making bronze (a mixture of copper, arsenic and/or tin). The copper axe found by his side was probably made by him.

Lines on one of the two fingernails found indicate that he had been ill three times in the last six months.
Ötzi had several tattoos on his body including a cross behind his right knee and various marks around both ankles. These might have been for decoration but it is thought that they are connected to pain relief treatments similar to acupuncture and acupressure.

He wore a cloak made of woven grass and a coat, a belt, a pair of leggings, a loincloth, and shoes, all made of leather of different skins. This was seen as very sophisticated for the time and suggests that Ötzi was a chief of his tribe. The shoes were waterproof and designed for walking across the snow. They were constructed using bearskin for the soles, deer hide for the top panels, and a netting made of tree bark.

Read the text below and answer Questions 8 -14.

Charles Macintosh

It is difficult to imagine in today’s world of high technology but in the 19th century it was impossible to find a waterproof coat. Whenever it rained you were sure to get wet from head to toe. This was all to change with a little help from Charles Macintosh a Scottish chemist and inventor.

Born in 1766, he was expected to spend his life working for his father in the family business dyeing wool and silk. Charles had other ideas, after leaving school, he studied chemistry at a university in Glasgow and after graduating was employed as a clerk with a merchant.

This was only a stepping-stone as Charles never gave up his love of science, particularly chemistry, and spent all of his free time studying. By the time he was twenty Charles had given up his job and had opened up his own company manufacturing various chemicals including ammonium chloride and Prussian blue dye.

This became a successful business for Charles but he was not the kind of man just to focus on one thing. He was constantly looking for better ways, and easier ways to do things and with the help of James Beaumont Nelson he developed a process to make high quality cast iron. This was an essential part of the industrial revolution that was happening in Britain at the time and was used to make machines, tools, bridges and ships.

After the death of his father, Charles inherited the family business and began to look for ways to invest his money. Around the same time, in 1817, the Glasgow Gas Light Company was established and Charles became interested in finding a use for the waste products from the coal gas industry. One of these was the waste product known as coal tar naptha. With a touch of genius that perhaps no one else at the time could have thought of Charles combined his knowledge of dyeing material with his love of chemistry.

The result was a liquid rubber that when combined with other textiles made them waterproof. The rainproof cloth was quickly adopted by the British army and navy. It was sold to the public as the world’s first raincoat – the Mackintosh. Note the added ‘k’ to Charles’s name.

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