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IELTS Mock Test 2020 October

IELTS Mock Test 2020 October

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  • 发布时间: 11 Oct 2020
  • 模考人次: 338,917

正确答案:

Part 1: Question 14 - 26
  • 14 agent
  • 15 antitherapeutic
  • 16 humanising
  • 17 justice
  • 18 actors
  • 19 promising
  • 20 creatively
  • 21 relapse prevention plans
  • 22 chain of events
  • 23 high-risk situations
  • 24 NOT GIVEN
  • 25 TRUE
  • 26 FALSE
Part 2: Question 27 - 40
  • 27 D
  • 28 A
  • 29 C
  • 30 B
  • 31 light sleep
  • 32 brain
  • 33 smaller, faster waves
  • 34 deep sleep
  • 35 breathing
  • 36 deteriorate
  • 37 metabolic rate
  • 38 torpor
  • 39 day-night cycle
  • 40 circadian rhythm

排行榜:

#用户得分时间
Disorn Chomchuen 9.017:05
Huy Đứm Qi 9.017:23
quan do 9.019:07
4 Nguyen Anh Tuan 9.031:26
5 Crist Dat 9.031:46
6 Mohamed Osama 9.036:07
7 Katesirint Boontan 9.039:30
8 thái nguyễn 9.040:32
9 Rahil Kotadiya 9.042:26
10 Nguyen Nhan 9.042:47

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剑桥雅思1听力原文-TEST2

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18 Oct 2023

详细试卷答案解析:

Part 1: Questions 14-26

Questions 14-20

Complete the notes below.

Choose NO MORE THAN ONE WORD from the passage for each answer.

NOTES: Therapeutic Jurisprudence

Therapeutic Jurisprudence: study of the law as a therapeutic 14 and the therapeutic and 15 consequences of the law.

Goal:

the 16 of the law, but NOT at the expense of 17 and due process

Applicable to:

especially applicable to the role of legal 18 such as judges and lawyers

Therapeutic jurisprudence = new attitude

1. It asks people to seek out 19 developments, not problems.

2. It urges people to think 20 and borrow from other fields.

  • 14 Answer: agent

    Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q14:

    Therapeutic Jurisprudence: study of the law as a therapeutic (14)…… and the therapeutic and (15) …….. consequences of the law.

    Therapeutic jurisprudence is the study of the role of the law as a therapeutic agent. It examines the law's impact on emotional life and on psychological well-being, and the therapeutic and antithera-peutic consequences of the law.

    Note: The words we need to fill in are related to the definition of “Therapeutic jurisprudence”, so we need to pay attention to the 1st paragraph of the passage.

    + For Q14, from the position, we guess the missing word can be a noun. We can see the keywords “study of the law as a therapeutic” appear in the passage so it is easily to determine missing word of Q14 is agent

  • 15 Answer: antitherapeutic

    Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q15:

    Therapeutic Jurisprudence: study of the law as a therapeutic (14)…… and the therapeutic and (15) …….. consequences of the law.

    Therapeutic jurisprudence is the study of the role of the law as a therapeutic agent. It examines the law's impact on emotional life and on psychological well-being, and the therapeutic and antithera-peutic consequences of the law.

    Note: The words we need to fill in are related to the definition of “Therapeutic jurisprudence”, so we need to pay attention to the 1st paragraph of the passage.

    + For Q15, from the position, we guess the missing word can be an adjective. And the key words “consequences of the law” help us find our missing word is antithera-peutic.

  • 16 Answer: humanising

    Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q16: Goal:

    The (16) ……. of the law, but NOT at the expense of (17) ……. and due process

    The general aim of therapeutic jurisprudence is the humanising of the law and addressing the human, emotional and psychological side of the legal process ... Therapeutic jurisprudence strives to have laws made or applied in a more therapeutic way so long as other values, such as justice and due process, can be fully respected.

    Note: Thanks to the word “Goal”, we know the clue will be included in the paragraph 2, stating with “The general aim of therapeutic jurisprudence”.

    + From position, we guess the missing words of Q16 and Q17 can be nouns.

    + And the noun “humanising“ right before the phrase “of the law” is also the missing word we want to find for Q16.

  • 17 Answer: justice

    Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q17: Goal:

    The (16) ……. of the law, but NOT at the expense of (17) ……. and due process

    The general aim of therapeutic jurisprudence is the humanising of the law and addressing the human, emotional and psychological side of the legal process ... Therapeutic jurisprudence strives to have laws made or applied in a more therapeutic way so long as other values, such as justice and due process, can be fully respected.

    Note: Thanks to the word “Goal”, we know the clue will be included in the paragraph 2, stating with “The general aim of therapeutic jurisprudence”.

    + From position, we guess the missing words of Q16 and Q17 can be nouns.

    + The missing word of Q17 is the one going along with the word “due process”, so that we can conclude that answer for this question is justice.

  • 18 Answer: actors

    Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q18: Applicable to:

    especially applicable to the role of legal (18) …… such as judges and lawyers

    The law can be divided into the following categories: (1) legal rules, (2) legal procedures, such as hearings and trials and (3) the roles of legal actors - the behaviour of judges, lawyers, and of therapists acting in a legal context ... Therefore, therapeutic jurisprudence is especially applicable to this third category.

    Note: In Q18, we have to find a noun as missing word. The keyword of this question is “Applicable to” so we need to find out the paragraph related to this one. And at the last line of the 3rd paragraph, they say “therapeutic jurisprudence is especially applicable to this third category” is the signal for us to focus on this part, and “the third category” is also an important clue.

    + At the beginning of this paragraph, we get information about this clue which is “(3) the roles of legal actors - - the behaviour of judges, lawyers”, thanks to the phrase “the role of legal” and “judges and lawyers” which are compatible with the key words in question, we can be sure that the missing word of Q18 is actors.

  • 19 Answer: promising

    Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q19 Therapeutic jurisprudence = new attitude

    1. It asks people to seek out ... developments, not problems.

    2. It urges people to think …….. and borrow from other fields.


    Therapeutic jurisprudence focuses attention on this previously under-appreciated aspect, encouraging us to look very hard for promising developments, and to borrow from the behavioural science literature, even when this literature has nothing obviously to do with the law. It encourages people to think creatively about how promising developments from other fields might be brought into the legal system.

    Note: The paragraph related to the main keyword “attitude” of Q19 and Q20 is the 4th one so we need to focus on this part to find out the answers for these 2 questions.

    • For Q19, according to position, we guess missing word can be an adjective. From the sentence “Therapeutic jurisprudence focuses attention on this previously under-appreciated aspect, encouraging us to look very hard for promising developments”, we can get the clue for Q19. Thanks to the phrases “encouraging us to look very hard for” - another expression of “asks people to seek out”, and the word “developments”, we can conclude that the answer for Q19 must be promising.

  • 20 Answer: creatively

    Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q20: Therapeutic jurisprudence = new attitude

    1. It asks people to seek out ... developments, not problems.

    2. It urges people to think …….. and borrow from other fields.


    Therapeutic jurisprudence focuses attention on this previously under-appreciated aspect, encouraging us to look very hard for promising developments, and to borrow from the behavioural science literature, even when this literature has nothing obviously to do with the law. It encourages people to think creatively about how promising developments from other fields might be brought into the legal system.

    Note: The paragraph related to the main keyword “attitude” of Q19 and Q20 is the 4th one so we need to focus on this part to find out the answers for these 2 questions.

    • The missing word of Q20 can be an adverb as it appears right after the verb. We can see the keywords for Q20 are “urges people to think” and “borrow from other fields”. And we can also find out the clues related to these ones at this part, “... to borrow from the behavioural science literature... It encourages people to think creatively about how promising developments from other fields might be brought into the legal system“, in particular. These sentences help us find out the correct answer for this question, which is “creatively”.

Questions 21-23

Complete the sentences.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.

One aspect of cognitive behavioural treatment includes the preparation of 21 by offenders.

The treatment requires offenders to consider the 22 that lead to a crime being committed.

Treatment programmes encourage offenders to recognise 23 before they happen, and know what to do in case they do happen.

  • 21 Answer: relapse prevention plans

    Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q21: One aspect of cognitive behavioural treatment includes the preparation of ….. by offenders.

    One type of cognitive behavioural treatment encourages offenders to prepare relapse prevention plans which require them to think through the chain of events that lead to criminality

    Note: With the important keyword “One aspect of cognitive behavioural treatment”, we know that the answer for this question will appear in the sentence “One type of cognitive behavioural treatment encourages offenders to prepare relapse prevention plans which require them to think through the chain of events that lead to criminality” of paragraph 5. Then the two other key words “offenders” and “prepare” which are compatible with the question help us determine that “relapse prevention plans” is the phrase we should write down as the answer.

  • 22 Answer: chain of events

    Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q22: The treatment requires offenders to consider the ….. that lead to a crime being committed.

    One type of cognitive behavioural treatment encourages offenders to prepare relapse prevention plans which require them to think through the chain of events that lead to criminality

    Note: The word “treatment” is mentioning about “relapse prevention plans” in this case, so this sentence also has the clue for this Q22. And thanks to the keywords such as “require them” = “requires offenders”, “consider” = “think through” and “lead to a crime being committed” = “lead to criminality”, we can figure out the correct words for the blank are chain of events.

  • 23 Answer: high-risk situations

    Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q23: Treatment programmes encourage offenders to recognize ….. before they happen, and know what to do in case they do happen.

    These reasoning and rehabilitation-type programmes teach offenders cognitive self-change, to stop and think and figure out consequences, to anticipate high-risk situations, and to learn to avoid or cope with them.

    Note: The phrase “Treatment programmes” is the signal for us to pay more attention to paragraph 5, since it is mentioning about “reasoning and rehabilitation-type programmes” from the above sentence. Because of the synonym phrases like “teach offenders” and “encourage offenders”, or “anticipate” and “recognize … before they happen”, we are sure this statement including the answer for this question. And from the position of the blank, the phrase “high-risk situations” is certainly the most suitable one to fill in.

Questions 24-26

READING PASSAGE 2

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-26, which are based on Reading Passage 2 below.

Therapeutic Jurisprudence:

An Overview

Therapeutic jurisprudence is the study of the role of the law as a therapeutic agent. It examines the law's impact on emotional life and on psychological well-being, and the therapeutic and antithera-peutic consequences of the law. It is most applicable to the fields of mental health law, criminal law, juvenile law and family law.

The general aim of therapeutic jurisprudence is the humanising of the law and addressing the human, emotional and psychological side of the legal process. It promotes the perspective that the law is a social force that produces behaviours and consequences. Therapeutic jurisprudence strives to have laws made or applied in a more therapeutic way so long as other values, such as justice and due process, can be fully respected. It is important to recognise that therapeutic jurisprudence does not itself suggest that therapeutic goals should trump other goals. It does not support paternalism or coercion by any means. It is simply a way of looking at the law in a richer way, and then bringing to the table some areas and issues that previously have gone unnoticed. Therapeutic jurisprudence simply suggests that we think about the therapeutic consequences of law and see if they can be factored into the processes of law-making, lawyering, and judging.

The law can be divided into the following categories: (1) legal rules, (2) legal procedures, such as hearings and trials and (3) the roles of legal actors - the behaviour of judges, lawyers, and of therapists acting in a legal context. Much of what legal actors do has an impact on the psychological well-being or emotional life of persons affected by the law, for example, in the dialogues that judges have with defendants or that lawyers have with clients. Therefore, therapeutic jurisprudence is especially applicable to this third category.

Therapeutic jurisprudence is a relatively new phenomenon. In the early days of law, attitudes were very different and efforts were focused primarily on what was wrong with various sorts of testimony. While there were good reasons for that early emphasis, an exclusive focus on what is wrong, rather than also looking at what is right and how these aspects could be further developed, is seriously shortsighted. Therapeutic jurisprudence focuses attention on this previously under-appreciated aspect, encouraging us to look very hard for promising developments, and to borrow from the behavioural science literature, even when this literature has nothing obviously to do with the law. It encourages people to think creatively about how promising developments from other fields might be brought into the legal system.

Recently, as a result of this multidisciplinary approach, certain kinds of rehabilitative programmes have begun to emerge that look rather promising. One type of cognitive behavioural treatment encourages offenders to prepare relapse prevention plans which require them to think through the chain of events that lead to criminality. These reasoning and rehabilitation-type programmes teach offenders cognitive self-change, to stop and think and figure out consequences, to anticipate high-risk situations, and to learn to avoid or cope with them. These programmes, so far, seem to be reasonably successful.

From a therapeutic jurisprudence standpoint, the question is how these programmes might be brought into the law. In one obvious sense, these problem-solving, reasoning and rehabilitation-type programmes can be made widely available in correctional and community settings. A way of linking them even more to the law, of course, would be to make them part of the legal process itself. The suggestion here is that if a judge or parole board becomes familiar with these techniques and is about to consider someone for probation, the judge might say, I'm going to consider you but I want you to come up with a preliminary relapse prevention plan that we will use as a basis for discussion. I want you to figure out why I should grant you probation and why I should be comfortable that you're going to succeed. In order for me to feel comfortable, I need to know what you regard -to be high-risk situations and how you're going to avoid them or cope with them.'

If that approach is followed, courts will be promoting cognitive self-change as part and parcel of the sentencing process itself. The process may operate this way; an offender would make a statement like 'I realise I mess up on Friday nights; therefore, I propose that I will stay at home on Friday nights.' Suddenly, it is not a judge imposing something on the offender. It's something that the offender has come up with him or herself, so he or she should think it is fair. If a person has a voice in his rehabilitation, then he is more likely to feel a commitment to it, and with that commitment, presumably, compliance will increase dramatically.

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