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想要雅思口语拿7分,先记下这20个雅思口试必背常用词汇

想要雅思口语拿7分,先记下这20个雅思口试必背常用词汇

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雅思口语考试要拿高分首先要掌握高分常用词汇,赶快背下这20个超实用口语词汇!

 

我们在学习之中掌握了大量学科、专有词汇,读写能力杠杠的,但是雅思口语考试里和写作却是完全不一样的。口语考试里要怎样保证沟通流畅并拿到高分?记着这20个雅思口试必背常用词汇,雅思口试拿高分稳稳的!

首先我们平时备考雅思时需要做到三点:

一、改变思维习惯(way of thinking)。 阅读时,见到一些表达方式,多问问自己,这句话让我说,我会用这种思路吗?如果答案是no,那就恭喜你了,赶快把这句话抄下来,以后多做点文章。

二、注意选词(choice of words)。 实践证明,学好、活用100个词,再加上以前的一点基础,就可以自由表达自己思想,并可尽量抛弃原来的中式英语思维。

三、句型(sentence patterns) 。汉语与英语这两门语言没多大的相似之处,由于思维习惯的不同,导致一些表达方式也不同,具体表现在一些典型的句型上。

我们时常见的一些词语,如果多加注意和运用,就会产生很奇妙的效果,一起来看看有哪些口语常用词汇吧:

 

available

使用频率:★★★★★

造句功能:★★★★

西方思维:★★★★★

这个词有点怪,是形容词,但是一般放到所修饰的词后面。凡句子中含有是“有。。。可以用到”的时候都可以考虑这个词。这个词关系到我们思维方式,而不是这个词用法有多复杂。反义词是unavailable.现在都讲究资源了.

1、对不起,没座了。

Chinglish: Sorry, we have no seats now.

Revision: Sorry, no seats available.

2、网站暂时无法访问。

Chinglish: This website can't be visited temporarily.

Revision: Website Temporarily Unavailable.

有时候尽管不是非用available/unavailable不可,但是多用一些,看起来正宗。在http://google.com中搜索结果:是约有441,000,000项符合available的查询结果。

 

offer

使用频率:★★★★

造句功能:★★★

西方思维:★★★★★

这个词比较微妙。英译中时不太好处理,正因如此,这个词才值得我们重视。

1、谢谢你的好意,不过我可以走回去。

Chinglish: Thank you for your goodwill, but I can go home on foot.

Revision: Thanks for your offer, but I can walk home.

2、全国人民纷纷向灾区伸出了援助之手。

version 1: People from all over the country all giving their hands to the disaster area.

Alt Version: People from all over the country are offering helping hands to the disaster area.

Offer可以做动词用,也可以做名词用。还有一些固定搭配,其中Job offer非常红。凡是带有“给予”、“善意提供的(帮忙)”等意思,就可以考虑offer这个词。我们可以把give一些空间让点给offer:

这个机会可是我最后给你的。答应不答应随你的便。This is my last offer to you. Take it or leave it.

 

difference

使用频率:★★★★

造句功能:★★

西方思维:★★★★★

意思是差别。对于difference只需要掌握一到两个短语,我们口语考试水平就会前进一大步,让你的同学对你刮目相看,那就是make a difference(有很大不同)或make no differences(没什么不同)。

1、你说的什么移动、联通, 我看还不一路货色。

You're talking about Telecom and Unicom. The way I see it, they make no differences at all.

2、这种化妆品你用用看,效果绝对不一样。

Chinglish: Please use this kind of cosmetics, the effect is absolutely different.

Revision: Please try this sort of cosmetics, i bet it'll make a big difference.

(不好意思,我就是喜欢try这个词)

3、上帝啊,再给我一次机会,我不会再这样了。

Chinglish: God, please give me a chance again, I won't do this again.

Revision: God, please grant me another chance, and I'll make a difference.

凡是一样不一样,都可以考虑这两个短语,你用好了,绝对可以make a difference。

另外说一下,受教科书的影响,说不同的时候中国学生习惯be different from这一句型。但是很多时候differ from这个动词形式更简单,try it, and you'll make a difference,让你的老师、同学对你刮目相看。

西方人崇尚个人奋斗,追求与他人不一样。这个词,对于他们来说,太神圣了。在http://google.com中,make a difference这一短语搜索结果近600万,我们用过几次了。所以以后有条件,我们就要make a difference,没有条件时,创建条件也要make a difference。

 

sense

使用频率:★★★

造句功能:★★

西方思维:★★★★★

这个词主要由于几个相关常用短语搭配而流行的。

这几个短语分别是: a sense of (responsibility, humor...)---有幽默感等, make sense/not make any sense,有意义,没意义(所以我说别老用meaningless,不是人家听不懂,那很中式的)。

1、我很喜欢他。他很有幽默感。

Chinglish: I very like him. He is very humorous.

Revision: I like him very much. He has a good sense of humor.

2、我知道,不过有的地方没什么意义。

Chinglish: I know, but it's meaningless in some places.

Revision: I know, but again at some point it doesn't make any sense.

3、什么?至少六周?这样做有什么意义呢?

What? at least 6 weeks? Does it make any sense?(或what's your point?)

 

afford

使用频率:★★★

造句功能:★★★

西方思维:★★★★★

意思是买的起,付得起、花得起时间、金钱、精力等。

但是Afford只能表示能力,不表示意愿。例如我们可以说I'm willing to pay, but I really can't afford it,而不能说I'm willing to afford it。

用好这个常用词汇,我们的雅思口语水平就会提高一个档次,让你的同学打心底里佩服。

1、这顶帽子贵得也太离谱了,我买不起。

Chinglish: This hat is extremely expensive, I can't buy it.

Revision: This hat is so expensive that I can't afford it.

2、这个村子里好多儿童都上不起学。

Chinglish: Lots of kids can't go to school because they're poor. (意思表达出来了但是不精练)

Revision: Plenty of kids in this village can't afford to go to school (can't afford education).

小新赖以生存就不能放弃工作。I can't afford to lose my job, because I'm the bread-winner and I have a big family to support.

deserve

使用频率:★★

造句功能:★★

西方思维:★★★★★

这个词字面意思是“值得”、“该受到”,可褒可贬。用到的场合其实挺多的。几个例句就可以解决问题。

1、你是老鼠戏猫,真是自作自受!

Chinglish: You're like a rat teasing a cat... (...下面不会了)

Revision: I think you're playing with fire. You deserve it!

2、那个好心女孩终于嫁给了她的心上人。她是有好报。

Chinglish: That good-hearted girl was married to the man in her heart at last. She was good so she had a good end.

Revision: That good-hearted girl married her 'prince' finally. She deserved it.

3、你竟敢这样对我?找打啊?

Chinglish: How dare you do this to me? Do you want me to beat you?

Revision: How dare you do this to me? You deserve a kick in the ass!

这个词比较微妙,个人喜欢这个词,不多说了。

If you think that I deserve some applauses or flowers, why not let me know about it

 

frustrated

使用频率:★★★★

造句功能:★★

西方思维:★★★★★

表示心情沮丧、灰心丧气时,老外偏爱frustrated这一词。我们喜欢是sad, lose one's heart等表达法。

用法特别简单。当你觉得灰心丧气时,forget about "sad", use this word instead.

1、没有一个女孩子给我写过信,我真是沮丧极了。

I'm so frustrated that no girls wrote to me.

2、公司业绩总是不好,总经理真是心灰意懒。

Chinglish: The total manager is very sad because the achievement is not good.

Revision: The general manager is so frustrated for the poor performance of his company.

If, if lots of people come and shout to me:"Coolmax, your English is so poor and limited!" I'll be extremely frustrated

再说一遍,以后要常说 frustrated 哦!说多了,你就有老外的感觉了。

 

hurt

使用频率:★★★

造句功能:★★

西方思维:★★★★

“受伤”或“疼痛”的意思。可能是生理上受伤,更表示心里上受伤。很红的一个词,失恋的人必备词汇。唉,我们的传统英文教育就是那么回事,学了10年英文,不知道“我手指疼”怎么说的大有人在。

1、哦,天哪!你竟然不理我了。我受伤了。

Chinglish: Oh, God, you don't notice me! I am injured.(Injure一词一般不用于心理方面的伤害)。

Revision: Oh, God, how come you start to ignore me! I'm hurt.

2、别动我,我右手大拇指指疼。

Chinglish: Don't move me! My right thumb aches. (动某人的话也可以用 touch)

Revision: Leave me alone! My right thumb hurts.

At last I want to remind some friends that we should never tell a woman that she is 'fat'. She would be hurt or even offended if you do that.

 

mislead

使用频率:★★★★

造句功能:★★

西方思维:★★★★★

其形容词是Misleading,被动形式是be misled。意思是误导。我们国人不太爱说这个词,但是爱好政治与辩论的老外整天把这个词挂在嘴上。这个词不难用,背了用好还能雅思口语加分,关键是思维方式不同,所以我们要学。

1、你没有意识到这份报纸在误导民众吗?

Haven't you realized this newspaper is misleading its readers?

2、我觉得你是被宣传误导了,也许是被洗了脑子了。

I deem that you're misled by the propaganda and maybe you're brainwashed.

So, my only wish reagarding this thread is that I'm not misleading.

最后别忘了,这个词也是Chinadaily 的 News Talks 版面最红的字眼之一。不信大家去那里搜索看看。

 

offend

使用频率:★★★★★

造句功能:★★

西方思维:★★★★★

这个词表示“冒犯”、“得罪”,老外整天挂在嘴上的词汇。我们要跟进。一般用法是offend sb.被动是be/get offended.

要善于识别offend使用范围。汉语语言特别丰富,所以我们要特别注重内在含义。

1、你对她的穿着评头论足,她可能会不高兴。

Chinglish: You're commenting on her dress; she might be unhappy. (还不太中式,但是想不到offend一词就是罪过)

Revision: You're criticising her dress sense. She might be offended.

2、我什么时候得罪她了?她这人真怪!

Chinglish: When did I do bad to her? She is so strange! (不算太中式,但是想不到offend就是罪过)

Revision: Have I ever offended her? She's just being so weird!

 

update

使用频率:★★

造句功能:★

西方思维:★★★★★

这个词特别简单,雅思考试里经常见,但是口试中我们不容易说好,一般是背一次,知道重要性后,终生难忘。

表示更新后的信息,也可以做动词,进行更新。现在知识更新特别快,难怪这个词也吃香。

1、新的在哪?

Chinglish: Where is the new one?(不算太中式,但是中国学生会用update会让人刮目相看)

Revision: Where's the update?

2、这是最后一次的更新。

Chinglish: This is the newest change.

Revision: This is the latest update. (会用latest的也不简单)

You know I'm pretty busy with my work and I have to work overtime everyday, but I'll try my best to keep this thread updated.

 

contribute

使用频率:★★

造句功能:★★★

西方思维:★★★★

名词形式是contribution. 意思有“捐献”、“投稿”等意思。凡是有贡献,都可以叫contribution。contribute这个动词一般与to 连用。

1、这事他也出了不少力。

Chinglish: He also supplied his strength to this.

Revision: He also contributed a lot to this.

2、谢谢你啊,你可帮了大忙了。

Version 1: Thank you very much. You really helped a lot.

Version 2: I really appreciate your great contribution.(看情况)

3、你只知道批评别人,你自己做了多少事?

Chinglish: You only know how to criticise others, but how much thing have you done yourself?

Revision: You're a critic! Where's your contribution?

这个词用起来自然。好用,实用。

 

scenario

使用频率:★

造句功能:★

西方思维:★★★★★

这个词是“假想”、“设想”的意思。会用这个雅思词汇不容易,但只要背好学好这个常见词,并正确使用三次以上,那雅思口语考试里肯定能加分。

这里有一句话:

In the unlikely scenario that there is no major conflict, China is obviously willing to give peace a chance so long as Taiwan is not being unleashed by the Americans to pursue de jure independence.

 

impress

使用频率:★★★★

造句功能:★★

西方思维:★★★★★

1、Coolmax,你这个帖子不怎么样。

Chinglish: Coolmax, your this post is just so so.

Revision: Coolmax, I'm not at all impressed by this thread of yours.

2、在我记忆中,中国给我的感觉太棒了!

Chinglish: In my memory, China gave me a very wonderful feeling.

Revision: China was really impressive in my memory.

3、成功的推销员知道如何打动他的客户。

Chinglish: A successful salesman knows how to move his customers.

Revision: A successful salesman knows how to impress his customers.

So, if you want to impress your boss, you have to work very hard, never be late for your work and always try to be creative, and use the word "impressive" to commend your boss each day)))hahah.

 

lover

使用频率:★★★★

造句功能:★

西方思维:★★★★★

这个词用得太广了。老外动不动张口就是peace-lovers。此外还有book lovers, China lovers, Music lovers。。。。。太广了。可是我们国人说得太少了,雅思口语考试里这个词汇就更少见了。

下面几句可能两种说法都可以,但是老外偏爱第2种。这个不是有多难,我们不会用,而是我们的思维习惯决定了老是想不到。

1、我这个人挺爱读书的。

Version 1: I love reading books. (没错)

Better Version: I'm a book lover. (更地道)

2、中国坚定地与全世界爱好和平的人们站在一起。

Chinglish: China is resolutely standing with all people who love peace all over the world.(很啰嗦的不是?)

Revision: China stands firmly with all peace-lovers world-wide.

Some forumites on Chinadaily community attack China from time to time while asserting they're 'China-lovers'.

要让世界充满爱,我们应该多用lover少用hater一词。

 

justify

使用频率:★★

造句功能:★★

西方思维:★★★★★

Justify: To demonstrate or prove to be just, right, or valid。证明、说明什么东西是对的,正确或有效的。

说明:该词在汉语中没有对应的词,虽然有对应的短语,但是我们说得太少,以至于见到这个词无动于衷,没觉得有什么特别的,岂止该口语常见词汇非常具有西方思维,用对了让你的英文更正宗。就象果汁,你喝兑水的,也叫果汁,人家的该榨出的,也叫果汁。果汁与果汁,大相径庭也!

例1、你明明错了,你别狡辩了。

Chinglish: You're obviously wrong, don't give chicanery!

Revision: You're obviously wrong. Don't try to justify your mistakes!

例2、该政府部门不作为的做法难责其咎。

Chinglish: The government agency should be blamed for their nonfeasance.(not bad)

Revision: The inactivity of the government agency can't be justified.

 

work

使用频率:★★★★

造句功能:★★★

西方思维:★★★★

词义:起作用[动词]

说明:会说work一词没什么了不起,但是擅长用work一词会让你英语原味大增!我可不想讨论它是不是可数名词,在这里只讨论它做动词的情况。The medicine didn't work!是什么意思呢?原来是“那药不起作用/不顶事”的意思。其实work本意是一个人的工作,就是你应该干的活。电视是播放节目的,能履行自己职责就是work了,不能播放了,或没声音了,就是没把“work”干好;同样,走时间与在指定时间叫醒你是闹钟的工作;打印是打印机的工作。。。总之,可以是一个想法,一个计划,一个产品,一个用品,凡是起到该起的或预料中的作用就是it works,否则就是it doesn't work!

例1、我的闹钟坏了。

Chinglish:My alarm clock is bad. (人家以为你买的是伪劣产品,能用但是质量差)

Revision: My alarm clock doesn't work. (不走了,或不闹时了,或两者都不行了)

例2、我的计划顶事了。

Chinglish: My plan served for the purpose.(快说对了,可惜没说对,for是多余的。)

Revision: My plan worked! (多精练!)

例3、电视已经不太好了。(如声音时断时续)

Chinglish: The TV set is already not good now. (不知所云)

Revision: The TV set doesn't work properly(or: well) now. (多地道!)

I hope my explanation works!

 

hold

使用频率:★★★

造句功能:★★★★

西方思维:★★★★★

在生活中,我们常常会抱怨联系不到那个谁,男女关系中尤为常见。受思维限制,我们一般只会说个contact with,现在有一种更为生活化的用法告诉大家。

1、你这一天干嘛去了?我用了六个小时尝试联系你!

What have you been doing all day? I've been trying to get a hold of you for six hours.

2、我必须通过十个不同的人来获得你的联系

I had to go through ten different people to get a hold of you.

此用法常常伴随河东狮吼。

 

crap

使用频率:★★★

造句功能:★★★

西方思维:★★★★

我们会遭遇一些人的喋喋不休的废话,那么请这样告诉他。除了快被用烂的rubbish,bullshit,还有这样的很常见的口语说法:

1、请不要再对我讲这些废话了!

Please don't play this crap on me.

2、净胡说八道

What a bunch of crap!

不想忍受的时候,及时喊停。

 

mark

使用频率:★★★★

造句功能:★★★

西方思维:★★★★★

mark之所以万能,在于将标志、痕迹、得分的含义广泛地引申出去,例如:

1、up to the mark 达到要求;符合标准

2、an easy mark 容易受骗的人

3、mark up/down 加价/减价

4、leave your/its/a mark 留下永久记忆

等等。

1、The table marks very easily.

这张桌子很容易留下印痕。

2、His silence marked his anger.

他的沉默表明了他的愤怒。

3、Our teacher marks strictly.

我们老师评分很严。

4、He walked on air for getting a high mark.

他因得了高分而洋洋得意。

一起积累起来吧,让口语变得更简单和地道~
 

 

最后祝各位烤鸭小伙伴们加油!若在雅思备考中需要帮助,我们的英国剑桥雅思考官能手把手带你口语写作短时冲7。快戳:雅思考官全科提分计划

 

 

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