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Succeed in IELTS Volume 7

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发布时间: 08 Jul 2018

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Reading Practice Test 2

正确答案:

  • 1 Fleet
  • 2 lookout
  • 3 Midnight /12:00 a.m.
  • 4 lifeboats
  • 5 wireless operators
  • 6 (wireless) message
  • 7 FALSE
  • 8 NOT GIVEN
  • 9 FALSE
  • 10 TRUE
  • 11 FALSE
  • 12 TRUE
  • 13 NOT GIVEN
  • 14 v
  • 15 iii
  • 16 viii
  • 17 x
  • 18 vi
  • 19 ii
  • 20 F
  • 21 G
  • 22 C
  • 23 E
  • 24 B
  • 25 A
  • 26 G
  • 27 C
  • 28 E
  • 29 I
  • 30 H
  • 31 A
  • 32 J
  • 33 active
  • 34 toxic
  • 35 systematic design
  • 36 side effects
  • 37 monitor
  • 38 symptoms
  • 39 placebo effect
  • 40 unconscious

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详细试卷答案解析:

Section 1: Questions 1-13

Questions 1-6

Complete the table below. Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 1—6 on your answer sheet.

TimePerson’sPositionAction
11:39 p.m 1 2 Reported sighting of iceberg
3 AndrewsShip’s designerReported how long the Titanic could stay float
12:15 a.mSmithCaptainOrdered 4 to be released
2:17 a.mBride & Philips 5 Relayed final 6
  • 1 Answer: Fleet
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q1: Person: _______

    At 11:39 p.m. on the evening of Sunday, 14 April 1912, lookouts Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee on the forward mast of the Titanic sighted an eerie, black mass coming into view directly in front of the ship. Fleet picked up the phone to the helm, waited for Sixth Officer Moody to answer, and yelled “Iceberg, right ahead!

    Note:

    From the question, we can assume that the answer must be name of a person. The keywords concerned in this question are “11:39 pm” and “reported sighting of iceberg”. We can easily locate the relevant information at the beginning of the passage. It is mentioned that “Fleet picked up the phone and yelled Iceberg, right ahead!”, which means he the one who reported the sighting of Iceberg. Therefore, the answer for Q1 is Fleet.

  • 2 Answer: lookout
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q2: Position: _______

    At 11:39 p.m. on the evening of Sunday, 14 April 1912, lookouts Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee on the forward mast of the Titanic sighted an eerie, black mass coming into view directly in front of the ship. Fleet picked up the phone to the helm, waited for Sixth Officer Moody to answer, and yelled “Iceberg, right ahead!”

    Note:

    From the question and the answer of Q1, we can assume that the answer for Q2 must be the position of Fleet. As mentioned in the passage, “lookouts Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee”, we can know that Fleet is a lookout. Therefore, the answer for Q2 is lookout.

  • 3 Answer: Midnight /12:00 a.m.
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q3: Time: _______

    Thomas Andrews, carried out a visual inspection of the ship’s damage and informed Captain Smith at midnight that the ship would sink in less than two hours. 

    Note:

    From the question, we can assume that the answer must be a certain time. It is mentioned in the second paragraph that “Andrews informed Captain Smith at midnight that the ship would sink in less than two hours”. We should notice “the ship would sink in less than two hours” is paraphrased as “how long the Titanic could stay float”; “inform” is similar to “report”. Therefore, the answer for Q3 is midnight.

  • 4 Answer: lifeboats
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q4: Ordered ______ to be released

    By 12:30 a.m., the lifeboats were being filled with women and children, after Smith had given the command for them to be uncovered and swung out 15 minutes earlier. 

    Note:

    The keywords “12:30 am” and “Smith” help us to locate the relevant information. It is mentioned that “the lifeboats were being filled with women and children, after Smith had given the command for them to be uncovered”. We should notice “give the command” is equivalent to “order”; “to be uncovered” is equivalent to “to be released”. Therefore, the answer for Q4 is lifeboats.

  • 5 Answer: wireless operators
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q5: Position: ______

    At 2:17a.m., Harold Bride and Jack Philips tapped out their last wireless message after being relieved of duty as the ship’s wireless operators, and the ship’s band stopped playing.

    Note:

    The keywords “2:17 am” and “Bride and Philips” help us to locate information in the third paragraph. It is mentioned that Bride and Philips had duty as the ship’s wireless operators. We should notice “duty” and “position” are interchangeable in this case. Therefore, the answer for Q5 is wireless operators.

  • 6 Answer: (wireless) message
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q6: Relayed final …..

    At 2:17a.m., Harold Bride and Jack Philips tapped out their last wireless message after being relieved of duty as the ship’s wireless operators, and the ship’s band stopped playing.

    Note:

    It is mentioned in the third paragraph that “Bride and Philips tapped out their last wireless message”. We should notice “last” has the same meaning as “final”; “tap out” is similar to “relay”. Therefore, the answer for Q6 is (wireless) message.

Questions 7-13

Section 1

READING PASSAGE 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1—13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.

A Disaster of Titanic Proportions

At 11:39 p.m. on the evening of Sunday, 14 April 1912, lookouts Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee on the forward mast of the Titanic sighted an eerie, black mass coming into view directly in front of the ship. Fleet picked up the phone to the helm, waited for Sixth Officer Moody to answer, and yelled “Iceberg, right ahead!” The greatest disaster in maritime history was about to be set in motion.

Thirty-seven seconds later, despite the efforts of officers in the bridge and engine room to steer around the iceberg, the Titanic struck a piece of submerged ice, bursting rivets in the ship’s hull and flooding the first five watertight compartments. The ship’s designer, Thomas Andrews, carried out a visual inspection of the ship’s damage and informed Captain Smith at midnight that the ship would sink in less than two hours. By 1 2:30 a.m., the lifeboats were being filled with women and children, after Smith had given the command for them to be uncovered and swung out 15 minutes earlier. The first lifeboat was successfully lowered 15 minutes later, with only 28 of its 65 seats occupied. By 1:15 a.m., the waterline was beginning to reach the Titanic’s name on the ship’s bow, and over the next hour, every lifeboat would be released as officers struggled to maintain order amongst the growing panic on board.

The dosing moments of the Titanic’s sinking began shortly after 2 a.m., as the last lifeboat was lowered and the ship’s propellers lifted out of the water, leaving the 1,500 passengers still on board to surge towards the stern. At 2:17 a.m., Harold Bride and Jack Philips tapped out their last wireless message after being relieved of duty as the ship’s wireless operators, and the ship’sband stopped playing. Less than a minute later, occupants of the lifeboats witnessed the ship’slights flash once, then go black, and a huge roar signalled the Titanic’s contents plunging towards the bow, causing the front half of the ship to break off and go under. The Titanic’s stem bobbed up momentarily, and at 2:20 a.m., the ship finally disappeared beneath the frigid waters.

What or who was responsible for the scale of this catastrophe? Explanations abound, some that focus on very small details. Due to a last-minute change in the ship’s officer line-up, iceberg lookouts Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee were making do without a pair of binoculars that an officer transferred off the ship in Southampton had left in a cupboard onboard, unbeknownst to any of the ship’s crew. Fleet, who survived the sinking, insisted at a subsequent inquiry that he could have identified the iceberg in time to avert disaster if he had been in possession of the binoculars.

Less than an hour before the Titanic struck the iceberg, wireless operator Cyril Evans on the California, located just 20 miles to the north, tried to contact operator Jack Philips on the Titanicto warn him of pack ice in the area. “Shut up, shut up, you’re jamming my signal,” Philips replied. “I’m busy.” The Titanic’s wireless system had broken down for several hours earlier that day, and Philips was clearing a backlog of personal messages that passengers had requested to be sent to family and friends in the USA. Nevertheless, Captain Smith had maintained the ship’sspeed of 22 knots despite multiple earlier warnings of ice ahead. It has been suggested that Smith was under pressure to make headlines by arriving early in New York, but maritime historians such as Richard Howell have countered this perception, noting that Smith was simply following common procedure at the time, and not behaving recklessly.

One of the strongest explanations for the severe loss of life has been the fact that the Titanic did not carry enough lifeboats for everyone on board. Maritime regulations at the time tied lifeboat capacity to the ship size, not to the number of passengers on board. This meant that the Titanic,with room for 1,178 of its 2,222 passengers, actually surpassed the Board of Trade’s requirement that it carry lifeboats for 1,060 of its passengers. Nevertheless, with lifeboats being lowered less than half full in many cases, and only 71 2 passengers surviving despite a two-and-a-half-hour window of opportunity, more lifeboats would not have guaranteed more survivors in the absence of better training and preparation. Many passengers were confused about where to go after the order to launch lifeboats was given; a lifeboat drill scheduled for earlier on the same day that the Titanic struck the iceberg was cancelled by Captain Smith in order to allow passengers to attend church.

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