[Tai Y Au] Writing Practice Test 66185
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
Percentage of UK people who consumed daily recommended amount of fruit and vegetable in 2002, 2006 and 2010.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
The bar chart below shows the percentage of the United Kingdom citizens who ate sufficient fruits and vegetables daily in 2002, 2006 and 2010. In general, the percentage remains at a low level with less than one-third in all years. However, there is still a slight increase in percentages.
For males, the numbers remained similar in these years with only mild fluctuation. The percentages of men who met the daily requirement remained around one-fourth in all 3 years. With the highest recorded in 2006 which is 26% and the lowest in 2002 which is 22%. From the above, we can observe that there is only around 4% fluctuation from 2002 to 2010.
Next, for the children and the females, a sudden spike can be observed from 2002 to 2006 with a relative decrease in 2010. Comparing the statistics of 2002 and 2006, we can see the percentages for women rose from 25% to 32% while it was 11% to 18% for children. Both of the increases are quite considerable when factoring in the relative short time and an original small number. Afterwards, both groups suffered a slight drop. It dropped from 32% in 2006 to 26% in 2010 for women and 18% to 16% for the children.
To conclude, all 3 groups have a slight increase from 2002 to 2010. With the women and children group has a sizeable increase and then a small drop. However, the overall number of people meeting the requirement remained at a low level.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
In recent years, the family structure has changed, as well as family roles. What are the changes occurring? Do you think these changes are positive or negative?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
In recent years, the family structure has some dramatic changes comparing to the 20th century. The typical family has transformed from a large family which has at least 2 children to Double Income No Kids structure (DINK) or just one offspring. This article will discuss the underlying causes and why these changes are neither positive nor negative but simply neutral.
First of all, the major underlying cause is due to the change in economic structure and an increase in education. In the early to mid 20th century, Hong kong is mainly an agrarian society with more than 80% of people work in the primary industry. Manpower is crucial as more offsprings simply mean more help the farmlands. People ignored education as they themselves received little to none.
On the other hand in the 21st century, we are in an intellectual society where the sheer amount of manpower means nothing without proper education. At the same time, parents think they are responsible for the upbringings and career pathway of their children which requires a tremendous amount of tangible and intangible resources. Many couples are scared by this fact and refused to have a child as a result, mainly due to the fact that they do not want to sacrifice their quality of life.
While for the changes being brought by the shift in family structure, it is a neutral one that everyone needs to adapt and change around it. The born of DINK means couples can spend more quality time without worrying their children. However, it also acts as a double-edged sword that couples are more willing to divorce when things go sour without the worrying of their offsprings.
While for families with children, an increase in upbringing awareness and more resources allocated to the children means adolescents are less likely being abused and they have more support from their parents. However, it also leads to the birth of helicopter parents which hinders the independence of adolescents and mental health issue of children due to the high expectations from their parents.
From the above, we could see the changes brought in pros and cons in a similar weight. Proper policies should be implemented so that a smooth transition can be ensured.
To conclude, the evolution of family structure is mainly due to the increase in parents' education level and shift of the economic structure. While the changes brought by it are like a double-edged sword rather than absolute harm or benefit.