[Masaki A] Writing Practice Test 103498
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The table below shows the sales made by a coffee shop in an office building on a typical weekday.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
The tabular data illustrates the sales of four categories of the merchandise which is sold in a coffee shop in an office building, investigated on a typical weekday by dividing the time into four distinct zones.
Overall, while coffee and tea are constantly chosen regardless of the time, the number of pastries and sandwiches depends on the time.
First of all, in the morning, the figure for coffee marked the largest (265), then it kept declining until 17:30, resulting in 145 between 14:30 and 17:30. After 17:30, it recovered to 200. Likewise, the data for tea started at 110 before 10:30 am, then it experienced a sharp dip to 35 in the afternoon. At the end of the day, the number rose up to 75.
Let's move on to the light meals, pastries recorded the highest sales of 275 dishes in the morning, then dropped to 95 at the lunchtime. The data significantly increased to 150 in the afternoon, subsequently, declined to 80 after 17:30. Unlike pastries, sandwiches commenced with the low value of 50. Afterwards, it rocketed up to 200 till 14:30, and it plummeted to 40 between 14:30 and 17:30. Lastly, the figure recorded 110 in the night.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic.
More and more people are relying on the private car as their major means of transportation.
Describe some of the problems over-reliance on cars can cause, and suggest at least one possible solution.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
In modern society, there has been a controversial topic regarding transportation methods. Recently, people are prone to mainly choose the private car for their transportation. In my opinion, this tendency derives from flexible and comfortable characteristics of the private car, and it can be alleviated by governmental and industrial policies.
To commence with, the two advantages of private cars could be the reasons why people place reliance on cars. Firstly, the private car is much more flexible than public transportation. Private car owners do not need to follow the predetermined time schedules and destinations. Take a commuting scene as an example, we can stop by supermarkets to buy groceries even if we did not plan to do so before departure. Furthermore, driving an owned car is comfortable. No one would pay attention to a private car driver. For instance, I love singing favourite songs while commuting to my workplace. This would not have been realised if a private car had not existed.
Next, as the countermeasures for easing this trend, the legislation of congestion charges could be effective. As a consequence of increasing car drivers, traffic congestion must happen in the urbanised district. By enforcing paying a mandatory fee for entering the region to private car drivers, the number of cars will decline. According to the survey of the effect of congestion charge in London, the total traffic halved after this policy. Moreover, encouraging to make the exisitng public transport more convenient would also be beneficial. The railway companies can increase the frequency of trains, or introduce the non-contact card for a smooth passing the ticket collection gates, which will contribute to increasing passengers.
In conclusion, nowadays, people tend to select their own cars as a main transportation methods because of flexibility and comfort. In order to cope with this social phenomenon, I am of the belief that congestion charges and improvement on conventional public transportation can be adopted as the countermeasures.