[yang y] Writing Practice Test 606751
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart and table below give information about population figures in Japan.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
The bar graph and table illustrated the past and predicted future population changes in Japan.
Overall, Japan's population first increased and then dropped and is expected to fall further in the future. Aging population is an increasingly serious problem.
From 1950 to 1980, the total population of Japan rose steadily from 84.1 million to 117 million. From 1980 to 2005, Japan's population was still increasing, although at a decreasing rate, from 117 million to 127.8 million. From 2005 onwards, the number of people in Japan showed a falling trend, which is expected to continue. In 2055, there would likely be only about 89.9 million people in Japan.
Japan's population has also been rapidly aging. If we define people aged 65 years and above as the elderly, then the elderly population surged from 4.1 million in 1950 to 25.7 in 2005. The percentage of the elderly among the whole population has also spiked from 4.9% in 1950 to 20.0% in 2005. In the future, population aged 65 years and over is projected to continue rising to 37.2 million in 2035 but after that fall slightly to 36.5 million in 2055, whereas the composition of the elderly will keep rising to 41.0% in 2055.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic.
Psychologists have known for many years that colour can affect how people feel. For this reason, attention should be given to colour schemes when decorating places such as offices and hospitals.
How true is this statement?
How far does colour influence people’s health and capacity for work?
You should write at least 250 words.
When interior designers choose colours for the walls and furniture in a room, the effect of colours on people's moods is becoming an increasing important consideration. Although the psychological impacts of colours are legitimate, such effects should not be exaggerated.
Colours can influence people's feelings. This property can be leveraged on to adjust people's emotional state to suit a particular setting. It seems that light red and bright yellow are able to deliver energy and cheer people up, so they are often used to paint the walls and floors of gyms, stadiums and cafés. "Warm" colours such as pale orange or pale yellow are preferred by many people to decorate their home, in order to create a warm and comfortable atmosphere. In contrast, in offices and hospitals, "cold" colours such as pale green, blue or white are more commonly seen, as these colours can help patients and workers calm down and relieve anxiety.
Nevertheless, the effect of colour on people's moods, health and capacity for work is limited. Despite the adoption of colour therapy by a number of hospitals, having appropriate colours in a room does not speed up the recovery of patients significantly. In order to stay mentally healthy, the most essential thing to do is definitely communicate and interact with others and do some exercise, rather than wearing a colour that makes you feel happy. It would also be absurd to assume that having a "cold" colour in the office will guarantee that people inside would work efficiently. Colours may help to slightly improve our mental health and efficiency of work, but they hardly play any central role. After all, colours are just visible light waves with slightly different wavelengths. How can they have that large an impact on our bodies?
In conclusion, colours can influence our moods and feelings to a small extent, and we can use this property for designs of hospitals, offices and other places, but colours are not the panecea for every wound in our minds.
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