[Jiabao D] Writing Practice Test 950949
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The bar chart below describes some changes about the percentage of people were born in Australia and who were born outside Australia living in urban, rural and town between 1995 and 2010.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
The bar charts illustrate the proportions of Australian citizens living in three different types of areas which are divided into two groups, namely the people born in and outside Australia. The figures are given for 1995 and 2010.s
Roughly speaking, no matter where the people were born, it is noticeable that the majority of Australians lived in cities. This trend experienced a considerable increase from 1995 to 2010, while in the other two alternative places of living, towns and rural areas, there were overall fewer people choosing to live in 2010 than in 1995.
Looking at the people living in cities first, around 50 percent of people who were born in Australia lived in cities in 1995, but this figure rose to over 60 percent in 2010. At the same time, 60 percent of those who were born outside of Australia decided to live in cities in 1995, and this proportion increased to 80 percent fifteen years later.
With regard to the people living in rural areas, the proportion of people fell dramatically from 1995 to 2010 despite where they were born, especially for the people born outside of Australia. The percentage reduced to approximately one-eighth in 2010 compared to 1995. By contrast, the changes in the proportions of people living in towns from 1995 to 2010 seem to be marginal, according to the charts. While five percent fewer of the people born in Australia lived in towns in 2010 than in 1995, the proportions of the people who were born outside of Australia and lived in towns in both mentioned years remained almost stable.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic.
Some people feel that manufacturers and supermarkets have the responsibility to reduce the amount of packaging of goods. Others argue that customers should avoid buying goods with a lot of packaging. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Packing of goods has become a noticeable issue nowadays, especially in terms of environmental concerns and sustainable development of society. In order to reduce the amount of packaging, some people believe that manufacturers and supermarkets are more responsible for taking measures, while others insist that customers play a more critical role in reality. In my view, the effort needs to be made by the supplier and the consumer both to guarantee the achievement of the goal.
On the one hand, the problem of over-packaging is often caused by commercial strategy. The supplier attempts to use beautiful packaging to make their products more attractive to customers. It is fairly easy to imagine that people would be more likely to choose a product decorated gorgeously than the same one with a plain appearance provided that there is thus no significant increase in price. Following that, producers would try to make every effort to obtain more competitive packaging for their products, which probably leads to excessive use of the wrap. Therefore, it is undoubtedly the duty of the producer to partake in reducing the amount of over-packaging by finding another way to improve the competitiveness of their products instead of merely attaching more value to their appearance.
On the other hand, the behaviors of customers give rise to over-packaging as well. The more attention that people will pay to the appearance of goods, the more encouraged producers will be to exert themselves on wrapping. Moreover, the public awareness about the harmful influence of over-packaging is also profound in decreasing the amount of packaging. As customers take the problems caused by over-packaging into account, they would be more willing to purchase the goods with less packaging, which is a highly practical way to prevent producers from wrapping unduly.
In conclusion, it is clear that suppliers and customers both are responsible for the trend of over-packaging. Therefore, the success of altering the situation needs the participation of them both.
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