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[amandeshm] Writing Practice Test 359270

Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The illustrations show two stages in the development of the mobile phone. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Writing Task 1

The two images depict how mobile phones have evolved over the years. The first illustration is that of a first-generation device. The second one is that of contemporary device that has undergone significant technological upgrades since its first iteration.

Early mobile phones were big and chunky. This is evident given that they would be around 130mm in length and 50mm in width. At the same time, they would weight a hefty 150 grams. The modern day mobile device is lighter and tinier. At just 90 mm tall and 40 mm wide, it is sleek and compact. The device is able to pack in more features than ever before at an impressively light 70 grams. Perhaps the most substantial areas of change is that of the display. Black and white displays have given way to a full-colour display in today's devices. Simlultaneously, multimedia functionality has also been integrated. Today's mobiles come with a camera with video capability. Unlike their "ancestors" which had limited buttons for basic function settings, modern day devices are loaded with extra features such as email and internet connectivity. These devices can also store music and games, thus doubling up as music and game players, something that first generation devices could never acomplish.

It would be fair to say that while mobile phones have improved tremendously in their feature set and technology offered, they have also become more nimble, light and pocketable.

Task 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Some people believe that giving longer prison sentences is the best way to reduce crime. Others believe that there are better ways to reduce crime. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

You should write at least 250 words.

Lengthier prison sentences can often lead to reduced crime. This is a controversial statement, to say the least, and it begs the question: is such a correlation really the case? And is it the most effective way to deter crime or are there alternatives worth considering? There are no easy answers, but an investigation in the matter is certainly warranted.

Many who advocate longer prison times indicate that the underlying principle at play is the fear of consequences. Criminals must be made to feel afraid of the consequences of commiting anti-social acts. A prolonged prison sentence aggravates this fear and can thus deter them from engaging in such activity. This sounds like a reasonable argument. If the sentence for first degree manslaughter is 18 years instead of 4, perhaps the potential perpetrator might be less inclined to commit murder. Additionally, upon being imprisoned, they will be off the streets and away from civil society for a longer period, thus making the community a safer space in the process.

Many who counter this view are quick to point out that such a straightforward correlation between the two is oversimplifying the matter. Sure, criminal activity can be discouraged through the fear of consequences. This, however, has to come through a combination of term length applied and efficient and effective trial. Many criminals don't often think of going to prison when commiting a crime. They often assume that they'll outsmart the law and evade capture. In many a cases, their behaviour is also bolstered by the fact that even if they are caught, the trial will be long and ineffective, and that they will eventually get away scott free. At the same time, those against longer prison sentences also approach the matter from a different philosophical perspective. Longer prison sentences offer little to no room for alternative techniquies that focus on prisoner reformation.

Personally, I see more merit in reducing prison sentences and instead emphasizing on schemes that enable reflection and self development. A lot of crimes are a product of poverty, unemployment and a lack of inclusivity in society. Instead of prolonging prison sentences, more energy should be spent on equipping prisoners for civil society. This can be done through counselling, skill development, vocational training and therapy. This can enable prisoners to truly reform and return to society as healthy and productive members.

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