[Lê M] Writing Practice Test 233040
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The line graph below shows the oil production and consumption in China between 1982 and 2006.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
A glance at the line graph reveals the number of oil barrels produced and consumed each day in China over a 15-year period beginning in 1982 and ending in 2006. In 1982, the consumption and the production of oil had started at the same number of oil barrels. Things were different after 1982 and the gap between the amount of oil consumption and production in China started to widen.
The amount of oil production and consumption in China had different development between 1982 and 2006. From 1982 to 1990, the consumption line had remained the same at 2 millions of oil barrels a day. However, starting in 1990, the figure of oil consumption surged from 2 millions to more than 3 millions in 1998. Besides, the amount of oil production had made no changes between 1986 and 1994. Until 1994, the production line had slightly increased to not more than 3 millions of oil barrels per day. This trend has been kept until 2006. Moreover, in 2006, the oil consumption of China has been continually inclined to more than 6 millions of oil barrels per day, which is almost twice of the 1994's record.
In conclusion, the oil consumption of China has surprisingly raised from 1990 to 2006, which is totally different to the oil prodution
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Individuals can do nothing to improve the environment; only governments and large companies can make a difference. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
You should write at least 250 words.
Many people put forward the viewpoint that environmental protection is solely the responsibility of authorities and corporations. Whilst governments and large firms evidently have enough budget and power to handle environmental problems, the responsibility of conserving the nature should not be totally placed on their shoulders. In my opinion, the mission of protecting our Mother Earth requires the cooperation of all forces in the society.
To begin with, each individual can be considered as the smallest unit of society where environmental actions take place. Indeed, when living in the natural world, individuals have a wide range of needs everyday to fulfill, and therefore directly affecting the environment. For instance, a reduction in the consumption of plastic bags by a shopper or an action of turning off unnecessary lights in a household may seem insignificant at first, but it could really make a great difference. To be more specific, if everyone cuts down on the number of plastic bags used per day, the environment could be saved from the excessive plastic waste which results in the contamination of oceans and innumerable deaths of fishes. Thus, thousands and millions of actions taken by each individual thoughout his/her life can entail a huge sum of impacts on the environment.
However, the interference of governments and organizations is also crucial in the fight against environmental degradation. Governments ought to create a legal frame to ensure that no one dares to trade their environment for their own economic achievements. Laws on forest protection, proper treatment of industrial waste, heavy taxes on products harmful for the nature and the like are essential in order to promote sustainable development. As for huge companies with numerous manufacturing activities, they need to have their waste treated reasonably before being disposed to the environment. With those measures, there will be at least no soil and water pollution in industrial zones and their neighboring residential areas.
In conclusion, joint efforts of the whole society are vital to protect the environment and to make sure that the contribution of one party is not ruined but resonated by that of the others.