Tests Taken: 176541
Published on: 15 Nov 2018
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The table below describes the number of employees and factories in England and Wales from 1851 to 1901.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
People living in large cities have to face many problems in everyday life. What are those problems?
Should the government encourage people to move to regional towns?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
The table provides information about the workforce in silk production in two countries, England and Wales, over a period of 50 years starting from 1851.
It is clear that the total number of silk workers in the two countries declined over the period shown, and that significantly more women were employed than men in this industry. Also, the number of silk manufacturing factories increased over the 50 year period, despite fluctuations.
In 1851, the silk workforce was largest with 130,750 people, including 76,786 females and nearly 54,000 males. In contrast, there was the lowest number of silk factories, with only 272 factories, in 1851. However, ten years later, the number of silk manufacturers reached 761, nearly triple that of the first year while the total number of employees experienced a significant fall of over 20,000 people.
Over the following 41 years, the total number of female and male workers decreased gradually throughout the period, to 25,567 and 13,375 respectively, which contributed to the drop in the total number of employees at 38,942 in 1901. Meanwhile, there was a slight decrease in the figure for factories, which was down to 623 by the end of the period.
In recent years, there have been a number of problems that people in big cities have to cope with every day. My essay will discuss two major problems which are pollution and information overload, and personally I think those people should be encouraged to move to regional areas.
Increased levels of pollution have been a great reason for concern among residents of big cities. Owing to a high volume of everyday traffic, massive quantities of pollutants such as CO2 are constantly released into the atmosphere, causing the degradation of air quality. This is closely associated with various types of respiratory diseases or even lung cancer. Also, people in big cities are being bombarded with too much information from the media, including TV, social networking sites and advertisements while the large proportion of information is fake news or exaggerated commercials. This can cause confusion or, in some cases, social anarchy.
In my opinion, the Government should do what they can to encourage city dwellers to move to regional areas. First, it will reduce the number of vehicles in cities, which will definitely improve the situation where air pollution caused by traffic disturbs the lives of city residents. Furthermore, fewer people living in big cities will relieve the pressure on these cities’ housing supply systems when many people are living reluctantly in small, suffocating spaces. I think this is extremely important point to consider because living spaces are linked to people’s mental health and how they perform at work.
In conclusion, severe air pollution and information bombardment are among the most serious problems facing city dwellers nowadays, and I feel that relevant authorities should encourage people to relocate to other areas to live.