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IELTS Recent Actual Test With Answers (Vol 6)

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Published on: 15 Nov 2018

Reading Practice Test 5

Answer Keys:

  • 1 A
  • 2 E
  • 3 G
  • 4 C
  • 5 ancient Rome
  • 6 Persia
  • 7 Mallorca
  • 8 Japan
  • 9 Australia
  • 10 Bahrain
  • 11 TRUE
  • 12 NOT GIVEN
  • 13 TRUE
  • 14 D
  • 15 A
  • 16 B
  • 17 F
  • 18 C
  • 19 E
  • 20 petrol-fueled internal combustion
  • 21 identity and status
  • 22 15 minutes
  • 23 the 1973 oil crisis
  • 24 (a) gas-guzzler
  • 25 fuel power
  • 26 toxic gas
  • 27 B
  • 28 hammer
  • 29 massive
  • 30 pad
  • 31 sinus cavities
  • 32 trunks and feet
  • 33 infrasonic/low
  • 34 ecology
  • 35 seismic signals
  • 36 auditory communication
  • 37 mate
  • 38 ground
  • 39 A
  • 40 C

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Review & Explanations:

Section 1: Questions 1-13

Questions 1-4

Questions 5-10

Complete the summary below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 5-10 on your answer sheet.

In history, pearls have had great importance within the men of wealth and power, which were treated as gems for women in 5 . Also, pearls were even used as a medicine for people in 6 . There are essentially three types of pearls: natural, cultured and imitation. Most freshwater cultured pearls sold today come from China while 7 Island is famous for its imitation pearl industry. Good-quality natural pearls are exceedingly unusual.

8 often manufactures some of the glitteriest pearls while 9 produces larger size ones due to the favourable environment along the coastline. In the past, 10  in Persian Gulf produced the world’s best pearls. Nowadays, the major remaining suppliers of natural pearls belong to India.

  • 5 Answer: ancient Rome
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q5:  In history, pearls have had great importance within the men of wealth and power, which were treated as gems for women in …

    The pearl has always had a special status in the rich and powerful all through the history. For instance, women from ancient Rome went to bed with pearls on them, so that they could remind themselves how wealthy they were after waking up

    Note:

    The keywords for Q5 are “women in…”, “history”, “wealth and power”.

    After reading paragraph A, we can see all keywords are mentioned in the same meaning in Q5

    “ great importance” and “special status” refer to the same meaning in the context.

    “men of wealth and power” and “the rich and power” are changeable in this case.

    ‘gems” and “pearls” refer to the same meaning.

    “women in ancient Rome” and “women from ancient Rome” refer to the same things in this context.

    Thus, the correct answer for Q5 should be “ancient Rome”

  • 6 Answer: Persia
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q6: Also, pearls were even used as a medicine for people in…

    In the eastern countries like Persia, ground pearl powders could be used as a medicine to cure anything including heart diseases and epilepsy.

    Note:

    The keywords for Q6 are “medicine for people”

    We can assume the answer for Q6 may be a specific place (country, city…)

    After reading paragraph A, we easily can see all keywords are mentioned.

    We can read that “ground pearl powders could be used as a medicine to cure… in eastern countries like Persia”, it means that “pearls were used as a medicine for people in Persia.

    Thus, the correct answer for Q6 should be “Persia”

  • 7 Answer: Mallorca
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q7: while… Island is famous for its imitation pearl industry

    The Island of Mallorca in Spain is renowned for its imitation pearl industry.

    Note:

    The keywords for Q7 are “island”, “imitation pearl industry”

    We can assume the answer for Q7 may be a place (name of island)

    After reading paragraph F, we easily can see all keywords are mentioned in the same meaning.

    “famous for” and “renowned for” are interchangeable in this case.

    The place we mentioned in Q7 should be “Island of Mallorca” or Mallorca Island

    Thus, the correct answer for Q7 should be “Mallorca”

  • 8 Answer: Japan
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q8. … often manufactures some of the glitteriest pearls

    Japan’s Akoya pearls are one of the glossiest pearls out there,

    Note:

    The keywords for Q8 are “manufacture”, “glitteriest pearls”

    We can assume the answer for Q8 may be a place (where glitteriest pearls are manufactured)

    After reading paragraph G, we easily can see “Japan’s Akoya pearls are one of the glossiest pearls out there”, it means that Akoya pearls in Japan are one of the glitteriest pearls.

    “Glitteriest pearls” and “glossiest pearls” are interchangeable in this case.

    Thus, the correct answer for Q8 should be “Japan”

  • 9 Answer: Australia
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q9. While… produces larger size ones due to the favourable environment along the coastline.

    while the' south sea water of Australia is a cradle to bigger pearls.

    Note:

    The keywords for Q9 are “produce”, “larger size”, “favourable environment”, “coastline”

    We can assume the answer for Q9 may be a place (where large size pearls are manufactured)

    After reading paragraph G, we easily can see “while the' south sea water of Australia is a cradle to bigger pearls”, it means that the water in Australia is suitable for producing larger size pearls

    “larger” and “bigger” are interchangeable in this case.

    Thus, the correct answer for Q9 should be “Australia”

  • 10 Answer: Bahrain
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q10. . In the past, … in Persian Gulf produced the world’s best pearls.

    Historically, the pearls with the highest quality around the globe are found in the Persian Gulf, particularly around Bahrain.

    Note:

    The keywords for Q10 are “in the past”, “Persian Gulf”, “world’s best pearls”

    We can assume the answer for Q10 may be a place (the area where produced best pearls)

    After reading paragraph G, we easily can see “pearls with the highest quality around the globe are found in Persian Gulf, particularly around Bahrain”, it means that Bahrain in Persian Gulf produced the highest quality around the globe.

    “pearls with the highest quality around the globe” and world’s best pearls” refer to the same meaning in this context.

    Thus, the correct answer for Q10 should be “Bahrain”

Questions 11-13

Section 1

READING PASSAGE 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.

The Pearl

A The pearl has always had a special status in the rich and powerful all through the history. For instance, women from ancient Rome went to bed with pearls on them, so that they could remind themselves how wealthy they were after waking up. Pearls used to have more commercial value than diamonds until jewellers learnt to cut gems. In the eastern countries like Persia, ground pearl powders could be used as a medicine to cure anything including heart diseases and epilepsy.

B Pearls can generally be divided into three categories: natural, cultured and imitation. When an irritant (such as a grain of sand) gets. inside a certain type of oyster, mussel, or clam, the mollusc will secrete a fluid as a means of defence to coat the irritant. Gradually, layers are accumulated around the irritant until a lustrous natural pearl is formed.

C A cultured pearl undergoes the same process. There is only one difference between cultured pearls and natural ones: in cultured pearls, the irritant is a head called ‘mother of pearl’ and is placed in the oyster through surgical implantation. This results in much larger cores in cultivated pearls than those in natural pearls. As long as there are enough layers of nacre (the secreted fluid covering the irritant) to create a gorgeous, gem-quality pearl; the size of the nucleus wouldn’t make a difference to beauty or durability.

D Pearls can come from both salt and freshwater sources. Typically, pearls from salt water usually have high quality, although several freshwater pearls are considered high in quality, too. In addition, freshwater pearls often have irregular shapes, with a puffed rice appearance. Nevertheless, it is the individual merits that determine the pearl’s value more than the sources of pearls. Saltwater pearl oysters are usually cultivated in protected lagoons or volcanic atolls, while most freshwater cultured pearls sold today come from China. There are a number of options for producing cultured pearls: use fresh water or sea water shells, transplant the graft into the mantle or into the gonad, add a spherical bead or do it nonbeaded.

E No matter which method is used to get pearls, the process usually takes several years. Mussels must reach a mature age, which may take up almost three years, and then be transplanted an irritant. When the irritant is put in place, it takes approximately another three years for a pearl to reach its full size. Sometimes, the irritant may be rejected. As a result, the pearl may be seriously deformed, or the oyster may directly die from such numerous complications as diseases. At the end of a 5- to 10-year circle, only half of the oysters may have made it through. Among the pearls that are actually produced in the end, only about 5% of them will be high-quality enough for the jewellery makers.

F Imitation pearls are of another different story. The Island of Mallorca in Spain is renowned for its imitation pearl industry. In most cases, a bead is dipped into a solution made from fish scales. But this coating is quite thin and often wears off. One way to distinguish the imitation pearls is to have a bite on it. Fake pearls glide through your teeth, while the layers of nacre on the real pearls feel gritty.

G Several factors are taken into account to evaluate a pearl: size, shape, Colour, the quality of surface and luster. Generally, the three types of pearls come in such order (with the value decreasing): natural pearls, cultured pearls and imitation pearls (which basically are worthless). For jewellers, one way to tell whether a pearl is natural or cultured is to send it to a gem lab and perform an X-ray on it. High-quality natural pearls are extremely rare. Japan’s Akoya pearls are one of the glossiest pearls out there, while the' south sea water of Australia is a cradle to bigger pearls.

H Historically, the pearls with the highest quality around the globe are found in the Persian Gulf, particularly around Bahrain. These pearls have to be hand-harvested by divers with no advanced equipment. Unfortunately, when the large reserve of oil was discovered in the early 1930s, Persian Gulf’s natural pearl industry came to a sudden end because the contaminated water destroyed the once pristine pearls. In the present days, India probably has the largest stock of natural pearls. However, it is quite an irony that a large part of India’s slock of natural pearls are originally from Bahrain.

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