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IELTS Recent Actual Test With Answers Volume 2

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Published on: 05 Dec 2017

Views: 1,928,375

Tests Taken: 578,489

Reading Practice Test 1

Answer Keys:

  • 1 v
  • 2 ii
  • 3 viii
  • 4 i
  • 5 x
  • 6 vi
  • 7 New Zealand carrageen(s)
  • 8 agar
  • 9 seameal
  • 10 cough mixture
  • 11 A
  • 12 C
  • 13 B
  • 14 7/seven
  • 15 lung function
  • 16 immune system
  • 17 heart patients
  • 18 C
  • 19 A
  • 20 E
  • 21 G
  • 22 D
  • 23 NOT GIVEN
  • 24 NOT GIVEN
  • 25 YES
  • 26 YES
  • 27 C
  • 28 G
  • 29 A
  • 30 E
  • 31 B
  • 32 F
  • 33 H
  • 34 D
  • 35 FALSE
  • 36 TRUE
  • 37 FALSE
  • 38 TRUE
  • 39 missionaries and traders
  • 40 (the) demographic triumph

Leaderboard:

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Review & Explanations:

Section 1: Questions 1-13

Questions 1-6

Questions 7-10

Complete the flow chart below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 7-10 on your answer sheet. 

RAT 2 reading1 section 1.png

7

8

9

10

  • 7 Answer: New Zealand carrageen(s)
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q7: Gigartina is also called as

    ____.

    For example, it is estimated that New Zealand has some 30 species of Gigartina, a close relative of carrageen or Irish moss. These are often referred to as the New Zealand carrageens.

    Note:

    Thanks to the keyword “Gigartina” at the top, we can quickly locate where the needed information containing the answers is and infer that the paragraph would revolve around Gigartina issue. Thus, we start searching for answers in section B.

    Q7: From the question, we can assume that the answer must be a Noun, which is another name of Gigartina. Additionally, the sentence “For example, it is estimated that New Zealand has some 30 species of Gigartina, a close relative of carrageen or Irish moss. These are often referred to as the New Zealand carrageens.”  contains all the keywords listed above. Therefore, the answer must be somewhere in this sentence. Therefore, the answer must be New Zealand carrageen/New Zealand carrageens.

     

  • 8 Answer: agar
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    New Zaeland carrageens is made into _________.

    The gel-forming substance called agar  which can be extracted from this species _______

    Q8: From the question, we can assume that the answer must be a Noun, something is extracted from New Zealand carrageens. Additionally, the sentence: “The gel-forming substance called agar  which can be extracted from this species…” contains all the keywords listed above. Therefore, the answer must be somewhere in this sentence. Thus, the answer must be agar.

     

  • 9 Answer: seameal
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q9: Agar is used to produce ____ (canned or bottled food)

    The gel-forming substance called agar which can be extracted from this species gives them great commercial application in seameal, from which seameal  custard is made, and in cough mixture  , confectionery, cosmetics, the canning, paint and leather industries, the manufacture of duplicating pads, and in toothpaste.

    From the question, we can assume that the answer must be a Noun, which names a product made from agar. The answer for this question relates to food. Scanning through the passage, we can locate the sentence containing this information. "food" refers to "seameal custard" in the passage. This is a subproduct of "seameal", which is made from agar. Thus, the answers for question 9 must be seameal.

     

  • 10 Answer: cough mixture
  • Keywords in Questions

    Similar words in Passage

    Q10: Agar is used to produce seameal (canned or bottled food) and medicine (eg:_____), toothpaste, others.

    The gel-forming substance called agar which can be extracted from this species gives them great commercial application in seameal, from which seameal  custard is made, and in cough mixture  , confectionery, cosmetics, the canning, paint and leather industries, the manufacture of duplicating pads, and in toothpaste.

    From the question, we can assume that each answer must be a Noun, which is the product made from agar and is a kind of medicine. Following question 9 we can find the answer for question 10 easily. Of all these products, only "cough mixture" relates to medicine. Thus, the answers for question 9 and 10 must be cough mixture.

Questions 11-13

Section 1

READING PASSAGE 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.

New Zealand Seaweed

Call us not weeds; we are flowers of the sea.

Section A - Nutritious value of seaweeds

Seaweed is a particularly nutritious food, which absorbs and concentrates traces of a wide variety of minerals necessary to the body's health. Many elements may occur in seaweed - aluminium, barium, calcium, chlorine, copper, iodine and iron, to name but a few - traces normally produced by erosion and carried to the seaweed beds by river and sea currents. Seaweeds are also rich in vita­mins: indeed, Eskimos obtain a high proportion of their bodily requirements of vitamin C from the seaweeds they eat. 

The nutritive value of seaweed has long been recognised. For instance, there is a remarkably low incidence of goitre amongst the Japanese, and for that mat­ter, amongst our own Maori people, who have always eaten seaweeds, and this may well be attributed to the high iodine content of this food. Research into old Maori eating customs shows that jellies were made using seaweeds, fresh fruit and nuts, fuchsia and tutu berries, cape gooseberries, and many other fruits which either grew here naturally or were sown from seeds brought by settlers and explorers.

Section B - Various products of seaweeds

New Zealand lays claim to approximately 700 species of seaweed, some of which have no representation outside this country. Of several species grown worldwide, New Zealand also has a particularly large share. For example, it is estimated that New Zealand has some 30 species of Gigartina, a close relative of carrageen or Irish moss. These are often referred to as the New Zealand carrageens. The gel-forming substance called agar which can be extracted from this species gives them great commercial application in seameal, from which seameal custard is made, and in cough mixture, confectionery, cosmetics, the canning, paint and leather industries, the manufacture of duplicating pads, and in toothpaste. In fact, during World War II, New Zealand Gigartina were sent toAustralia to be used in toothpaste.

Section C - Underuse of native species

Yet although New Zealand has so much of the commercially profitable red sea­weeds, several of which are a source of agar (Pterocladia, Gelidium, Chondrus, Gigartina), before 1940 relatively little use was made of them. New Zealand used to import the Northern Hemisphere Irish moss (Chondrus crispus) from England and ready-made agar from Japan. Although distribution of the Gigartina is confined to certain areas according to species, it is only on the east coast of the North Island that its occurrence is rare. And even then, the east coast, and the area around Hokiangna, have a considerable supply of the two species of Pterocladia from which agar is also available. Happily, New Zealand-made agar is now obtainable in health food shops.

Section D - Locations and features of different seaweeds

Seaweeds are divided into three classes determined by colour - red, brown and green - and each tends to live in a specific location. However, except for the unmistakable sea lettuce (Ulva), few are totally one colour; and especially when dry, some species can change colour quite significantly - a brown one may turn quite black, or a red one appear black, brown, pink or purple.

Identification is nevertheless facilitated by the fact that the factors which de­termine where a seaweed will grow are quite precise, and they therefore tend to occur in very well-defined zones. Although there are exceptions, the green seaweeds are mainly shallow-water algae; the browns belong to medium depths, and the reds are plants of the deeper water. Flat rock surfaces near mid-level tides are the most usual habitat of sea bombs, Venus’ necklace and most brown seaweeds. This is also the location of the purple laver or Maori karengo, which looks rather like a reddish-purple lettuce. Deep-water rocks on open coasts, exposed only at very low tide, are usually the site of bull kelp, strap weeds and similar tough specimens. Those species able to resist long periods of exposure to the sun and air are usually found on the upper shore, while those less able to stand such exposure occur nearer to or below the low-water mark. Radiation from the sun, the temperature level, and the length of time immersed all play a part in the zoning of seaweeds.

Section E - How seaweeds reproduce and grow


Propagation of seaweeds occurs by spores, or by fertilisation of egg cells. None have roots in the usual sense; few have leaves, and none have flowers, fruits or seeds. The plants absorb their nourishment through their fronds when they are surrounded by water: the base or "holdfast" of seaweeds is purely an attaching organ, not an absorbing one.

Section F - Why it doesn't dry or sink

Some of the large seaweeds maintain buoyancy with air-filled floats; others, such as bull kelp, have large cells filled with air. Some, which spend a good part of their time exposed to the air, often reduce dehydration either by having swollen stems that contain water, or they may (like Venus' necklace) have | swollen nodules, or they may have distinctive shape like a sea bomb. Others, like the sea cactus, are filled with slimy fluid or have coating of mucilage on % the surface. In some of the larger kelps, this coating is not only to keep the plant moist but also to protect it from the violent action of waves.

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Great thanks to volunteer Ngoc Nguyen who has contributed these explanations and markings.

If you want to make a better world like this, please contact us at hi@ieltsonlinetests.com.

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