Tests Taken: 17332
Published on: 14 Dec 2017
Listening Practice Test 5
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer.
Advice on plumbers and decorators
Make sure the company is: local
|Don’t call a plumber during the 1|
|Look at trade website: www. 2 .com|
- The keywords concerned in Q1 are”don’t call”,”plumber” and during”
- From the question,we can assume that the answer must be a noun which indicates time.
- Ruth mentions the plumber so the answer will soon appear.
- The answer is “Weekends” as Alastair suggested Ruth not to call anyone on weekends.
Complete the table below.
Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer.
• Pleasant and friendly
• Give 3 information
• Good quality work
• Always 4
John Damerol Plumbing Services
• 5 than other companies
• Not very polite
• Tends to be 6
• Able to do lots of different 7
• More 8 than other companies
• Also able to do 9
• Prefers not to use long 10
- The keywords for Q3 is “information”,Peake’s Plumbing
- From the question, we can assume that the answer must be an adjective that relating to information
- The answer is “clear” as it is said in the section:they tell you information you need in a clear way
-The keywords for Q4 are “Peake’s Plumbing”, “negative points” and “always”
-From the question, we can assume that the answer must be an adjective
-The answer for Q4 is “late ” as the man said in the section:Well,that’s a downside-every single time I’ve used them they arrive late.”negative point” is equivalent to”downside” and “always” is similar to “every single time”.
-the keyword for Q5 is “companies”
From the question,we can assume that the answer must be a comparative adjective.
-The answer is “cheaper ” as the man said that John Damerol Plumbing Services is cheaper than other people.
-The keyword for Q6 is “tend to “
-From the question,we can assume that the answer must be an adjective
-tend to is similar to has the tendency to be
-Therefore,The answer is “messy” as the man directly told the woman that Damerol has the tendency to be messy.The answer must be no more than one word so not very courteous is wrong also it is a negative point of John Damerol Plumbing Services
-The keyword for Q7 is “lots of”, Simonson Plasterers
-We can assume from the question that the answer is a noun
-The answer is “designs ” as the woman asked if they can do a variety of designs.”a variety of” is similar to “lots of”.And later the man confirmed about it so we can be sure that the answer is designs
- From the question,we can assume that the answer must be a comparative adjective.
-We heard about the positive points of Simonson Plasterers so after “But” we are likely to hear about the negative points.
-The answer is “expensive” as the man mentioned the downside of Simonson Plasterers is that they are expensive than the others.
-The keyword for Q9 is H.L. Plastering
-The answer for Q9 is obviously “painting” as the woman asked “Do either of them do Q9.painting for you if you want ... ?” and the man confirmed it later.It means that Harry Lester is also able to do painting besides plastering the ceiling.
-The keyword for Q10 is “ Prefers not to”
-We heard about the positive points before so after “but” we are likely to hear about the negative points.
- “avoids” is similar to “prefer not to” and “tall” is equivalent to “long”.The man’s answer is that Harry avoid doing jobs which involve tall ladders.Hence,you should fill “ladders ”in the space.
Choose the correct answer, A, B or C.
On Monday, what will be the students’ working day?
-The keywords for Q11 are “Monday,”,”student’s working day”
-As keywords “Monday” and “working day” are heard,we can assume the answer must be somewhere around here.
-The answer is “quarter to nine” as the Education Officer said that she wanted the students to arrive at quarter to nine because it is their first day.the answer “nine to five p.m”is wrong because it is students’s normal working day not their working time on Monday,their first day going to work.
While working in the museum, students are encouraged to wear
-The keywords for Q12 are “working in the museum”,”are encouraged to wear”
-The Education Officer talked about what students should wear for work so the answer will soon appear.
-The answer “ a museum cap” is wrong because the question asks what students are encouraged to wear while working in the museum not when going out on a trip.
-The answer is C. “casual clothing “ as the Education Officer suggested the students to wear casual clothing in a day-to-day basis in the museum.
If students are ill or going to be late, they must inform
-The keywords for Q13 are “ill”,”late”,”inform”
-”ill” is similar to “ not well”,”late”is “similar to “hold-up”,”inform” is equivalent to “ ring ”.Thus,we heard these similar keywords so the answer will soon appear.
-The answer is A“the museum receptionist” as the Education Officer told the students that if they are not well or there’s been a hold-up they must ring the museum receptionist.
The most popular task whilst on work placement is usually
-The keywords for Q14 are “ the most popular task”,”work placement”
-The Education Officer mentions the placement so the answer will soon appear.
-As we hear the keyword “the most popular”,the answer is B because the most popular task is to go to residental homes and record elderly people’s memories of school days for their oral history project.”oral” is an adjective means Spoken rather than written.
-A is wrong because it isn’t mentioned in this section
-C is wrong because it isn’t the most popular task.
The best form of preparation before starting their work placement is to read
-The keywords for the answer are “preparation”and “before starting their work placement”.The Education Officer say that she hoped the students well prepared so the answer will soon appear.
-A and B are wrong because the museum supervisors will instruct the students about these things so they don’t have to prepare it.
-Therefore,the answer is C as the Education Officer told the students to get a hold of evaluation and other notes made by students who’ve worked with the museum before their supervisors can help them.
Label the plan below.
Write the correct letter, A-l, next to questions 16-20
Where in the museum are the following places?
16 Sign-in office
18 Key box
19 Kitchen area
20 Staff noticeboard
-The keyword for Q16 is sign-in office .
-The Education Officer said that the first thing student need to do is sign in.It is a suggestion that the answer will soon appear.
-After listening to what the Education Officer said”To the right of this is the statue of the horse and just behind that is a door’’ and reflecting on the map,the sign-in office must be at location C
-The keyword for Q17 is Gallery 1
-The Education Officer words “You find this as follows” can be seen as a suggestion for the answer’s appearance
-After hearing what the Education Officer said “in the central courtyard area, close to the entrance, there’s a large chest where visitors put donations for the museum. The door just behind that leads to Gallery 1” and reflecting on the map,Gallery 1 must be at location I
-The keyword for Q18 is The key box
-The Education Officer words “The key box is quite hard to find” can be seen as a suggestion for the answer’s appearance
-Later,The Education Officer gave direction “Walk behind Reception and it’s between the large gallery and the bookshop.”From this point,we can figure out that the key box must be at location H
-The keyword for Q19 is “kitchen area “
-The Education Officer words “We tend to have our sandwiches in the kitchen area” can be seen as a suggestion for the answer’s appearance.
-She said “go round the reception desk”.Therefore,the answer may be H,E or D.However,H is the answer for Q18 so is must be eliminated
-Next ,she said “you’ll see a small circular cabinet - the door to the kitchen area is just behind that.” As reflecting on the map,we can figure out that E is wrong and the kitchen area must be at location D
-The keyword for Q20 is “staff noticeboard”
-The Education Officer words “ look on our staff noticeboard “ can be seen as a suggestion for the answer’s appearance
-Later,she said “This is in the corner of the play area - at the back, on the wall of Gallery 3.
“ As reflecting on the map,we can figure out that the staff noticeboard must be at location G
Notice:You may confuse between G and F because both locations are at the back,on the wall of Gallery 3.However,G is in the corner of the play area,not F so F is wrong.
What is the tutor’s opinion of the following company projects?
Choose FIVE answers from the box, and write the correct letter, A-H, next to questions 21-26.
|A||It would be very rewarding for the student.|
|B||It is too ambitious.|
|C||It would be difficult to evaluate.|
|D||It wouldn’t be sufficiently challenging.|
|E||It would involve extra costs.|
|F||It is beyond the student’s current ability.|
|G||It is already being done by another student.|
|H||It would probably have the greatest impact on the company.|
21 Customer database
22 Online sales catalogue
24 Stock inventory
25 Internal security
26 Customer services
-The keyword for Q21 is “customer database”
-We hear Sam mentions about customer database so the answer will soon appear.
-”sufficiently” is similar to “ enough”.Therefore,”it wouldn’t be sufficiently challenging” is equivalent to the tutor’s opinion that the student wouldn’t get enough out of this project and he wouldn’t learn anything new because the project is simple.Thus,the answer is D.
-The keyword for Q22 is “ online sales catalogue ”
-The student thought the online sales catalogue project would take too much of his time because it’s quite a big task and the tutor agreed with the student’s idea later.Therefore,the answer should be B.
-Answer F is temting but is is wrong because the tutor didn’t say that the student’s ability wasn’t good enough.
-The keyword for Q23 is “ payroll system”
-The tutor thinks the student would benefit a lot from a project like that-“it would extend your skills”.Hence,the answer is A
-The keyword for Q24 is “stock inventory”.
-.”biggest single benefit” is similar to “have the greatest impact”.Hence,The answer is obviously D as the tutor says that an electronic inventory would probably be the biggest single benefit for the company
-The keyword for Q25 is “internal security ”
-The answer is obviously F as the tutor thinks this project is a bit beyond the student’s level of knowledge.It means this project is beyond the student’s ability.
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Which TWO problems do Sam and the tutor identify concerning group assignments?
-Keywords for Q27-28 are “problems” and “group assignment”
-As the equivalent keywords “problems” and “group assignment” are heard,the answers will soon appear.
-The tutor indicated that Sam was studying with a group with people from different countries and they had their own ways of participating.It means they come from different cultures.Therefore,the answer is B.
-Later,Sam said that there are too many of them in the group.It means he thinks the problem is the group size.Hence,the answer is E.
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Which TWO problems does Sam identify concerning the lecturers?
-The keywords for Q29-30 are “ problems” and “lecturers ”
-As the equivalent keyword “problems with lecturers” is heard,the answers will soon appear.
-punctuality is the fact or quality of being on time
-accessibility is the quality of being able to be reached or entered.
-Therefore,the answer is A and C as the student mentions that staffs often turn up late and it is hard to see a lecturer individually.
-Option B is wrong because it is sorted out
-D is wrong because it is opposite to the paragraph :they are very supportive and friendly…
-E isn’t mentioned in the paragraph.
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
-The keywords for Q31 are “ most” and “owl species”
-From the question we can assume that the answer must be an adjective
-the answer is “common” as the wildlife expert points out that the tawny owl is the most common owl species in the UK
-The keywords for Q32 are “mainly live”,”habitat”
-As the similar keyword “habitat”is heard,we can expect the answer to appear soon
-From the question,the answer must be a noun that indicates the habitat the tawny owl prefers to live
-”mainly” is similar to “most likely”.Therefore,the answer is “woodland” as the wildlife expert indicates that tawny owl is most likely live in woodland.
-The keywords for Q33 are “wings ” and “short”,”navigation”
-From the question,we can assume that the answer must be a noun thar indicates a part of the tawny owl’s body which is short and help it navigate
-The answer is “tail ” as the wildlife expert indicates that both tawny owl’s wings and tail are short ,which helps to manoeuvre through the trees.”manoeuvre” means movement,therefore it is similar to “navigation”
-The keywords for Q34 are “brown”,”feathers” and “camouflage”
-From the question,we can expect that the answer must be an adjective describing the bird’s feathers
-”plumage” is similar to “feathers”.The similar keywords “brown” and “plumage” are heard so we can expect the answer will soon appear.
-The answer is “grey” as the wildlife expert indicates that the bird’s feathers is a mixture of brown and grey and this provides camouflage.
-The keywords for Q35 are “ Large eyes “,”more effective”,”night vision”
-” eyes” is similar to “visual capacities”
-From the question,we can assume that the answer must be a noun which indicates another living creature.
-Therefore,the answer is “humans ” as the wildlife expert indicates that tawny owl’s visual capacities are better than those of humans and it is equipped to navigate through the most overcast nights
-From the question,we can assume that the answer must be a noun
-The keywords for Q36 is “very good”,”spatial”,”predict where prey might be found.
-Spatial is an adjective relating to space.
-”very good “is similar to “excellent”
-Therefore,the answer is “memory” as the wildlife expert indicate the the tawny owl’s excellent memory of different areas(area is similar to space) combines with its nature helps it to predict where prey maybe found
-the keywords for Q37 are “locating”,”prey”,”perch”
-From the question we can assume that the answer must be a noun that indicate a part of the tawny owl’body or one of their abilities that help them locate their prey
-The answer is “hearing” as the wildlife expert indicates that the owl’s excellent sense of hearing helps it to locate prey from a perch
-Keywords for Q38 is “owls in urban areas”,”eat”
-The answer must be a noun that indicates a kind of animal of plant that tawny owls eat.
-”prey” is similar to “eat”,”urbanised landscapes” is similar to “urban areas”.Therefore,after hearing what the wildlife expert said,the answer is ‘birds”
-The keywords for Q39 are “two third of young owls”,”die”
-”two out of every three” is similar to “two third”
-therefore,the answer is “year ” as the wildlife expert points out that two out of every three young tawny owls die in their first year.
-The keywords for Q40 are “dislike”,” large areas of”
-From the question,we can assume that the answer must be a noun that implies a kind of areas that the tawny owls doesn’t like to fly over
-We have some synonyms here:“dislike” is similar to “ reluctance to”,” large bodies” is similar to “large areas of”
Therefore,the answer is “water”
Great thanks to volunteer Dang Tuan Long has contributed these explanations.
If you want to make a better world like this, please contact us.
You will hear a woman, who has just moved into the area, talking to a neighbour about problems she is having in her house.
Oh, hi Ruth. How are you?
I’m sorry to bother you, Alastair, but I’ve been having some problems.
Oh. Come on in ... What’s happened?
Basically, I had a leak from one of the pipes in the bathroom and water started coming through downstairs and the kitchen ceiling’s badly stained. I’ve got the leak fixed temporarily but I wasn’t happy with the plumber and I wanted to ask your advice.
Of course ... Well, the first thing I’d say is make sure you choose a local company ... that way if things go wrong you’re close by and it just makes things easier.
Let me write this down ... Right. Yes. The plumber who fixed things yesterday was from quite far away but I chose him because his advert said he did emergency repairs.
Well, fair enough ... you needed something in a hurry. But another piece of advice I’d give is try to avoid calling anybody on weekends. That’ll really bump up the prices. Leave it till Monday, if you can.
Well, yes ... I think I can do that because the temporary fix should hold. And obviously I’ll need the ceiling plastered and eventually re-decorated.
So who would you recommend? Is there a directory?
Well, there’s quite a good website covering this sort of work. It’s www.plasdeco.com. Is that with a K? a C, P-L-A-S-D-E-C-O dot com.
Got it. Well I’ll try and have a look at that.
Yes, it gives price and quality comparisons.
Oh, that’ll be useful, but I find personal recommendations really helpful as well ... you know, you can find out whether you can rely on the company.
Well, I know a couple of reasonable plumbers and also some plasterers.
Man: There’s a company called Peake’s Plumbing ... now they’re a father and son team. They’re really friendly and they tell you information you need in a clear way ... you know, so they really understand what the problem is.
Woman: Right, well that’s good to know. Are they reliable?
Man: Well, that’s a down side - every single time I’ve used them they arrive late. And friends have said the same thing.
Woman: But is the work good quality?
Man: Absolutely ... Another one is John Damerol Plumbing Services - he’s very good.
Woman: How do you spell the surname?
Woman: Right ... got that. And does he do high quality work?
Man: Well, it’s fine, you know, but I wouldn’t say that was his main point. Basically he comes out cheaper ... you know ... than other people.
Woman: I sense there’s a ‘but’ ... is he unreliable?
Man: Oh ... he comes when he says he’s coming BUT he’s not very courteous and he has the tendency to be messy ... you know so you have quite a bit of clearing up to do.
Woman: Hmmm ... OK.
Man: So it’s up to you ... they’re both good workers and they won’t cheat you.
Woman: Right. And you said you knew some plasterers?
Man: Yes a company called Simonson Plasterers did our living room last year ... we chose them because we wanted some fancy work on the ceiling - around the lights.
Woman: So they can do a variety of designs?
Man: You’ve got it. But it comes at a premium because they are more expensive ... you know ...
Woman: ... than the others ...
Man: Yes ... Or you could go for a one-man firm called H.L. Plastering ... Harry Lester - he’s fine - very reliable, if all you want is a simple job ...
Woman: Do either of them do painting for you if you want ... ? After the plastering’s dried out of course.
Man: That’s what I was going to say. But I should explain that Harry’s quite old now and so he avoids doing jobs which involve tall ladders ... you know.
Woman: But my kitchen isn’t too bad for that ... I’d have to ask him if he’s prepared to do it.
Man: Yeah sure.
Woman: So I’ll start by looking at the website.
Man: All those companies are on there ... with their phone numbers etc ...
Woman: Thanks ever so much ...
You will hear the Education Officer in a museum giving a talk to school students who are about to start a one-week work placement in the museum.
Good morning and welcome. We’re really pleased that you’re going to be joining us next week for your work placement. Now, each of you will already have met the member of museum staff assigned to supervise you. In this short talk today I’ll be giving you more general information which will be relevant to all six of you. Your normal working day is nine to five p.m. but on Monday, because it’s your first day, we’d like you to arrive at quarter to nine. Please note, though, that you’ll finish at the usual time.
A lot of you have been asking what you should wear for work. Well, you may have noticed that we’re not exactly a formal institution so you’d really be out of place if you wear smart attire like a suit. If you go out on a trip with us, then we’d like you to wear a museum cap ... it has our logo on and we feel it helps people recognise you. But, on a day-to-day basis in the museum itself we say put on your own casual clothing because you’ll be doing lots of dusty, messy work!
Now, we don’t have an enormous number of rules but work placement is an excellent preparation for the real world of work and we expect you to be very punctual and reliable. If you’re not well or there’s been a hold-up then what we ask you to do is ring the museum receptionist ... he will be in the museum well ahead of opening time and he’ll inform your own personal supervisor in the museum. If you’re away for more than one day, we’ll inform your school tutor . they’ll obviously need to make a note of your absence and follow up if necessary.
But most of all we hope you really enjoy yourselves during the placement. Students say they have a lot of fun, whether it’s working with kids in our art workshops held every Monday or, the most popular, when they go out on our out-reach work to residential homes, recording elderly people’s memories of school days for our oral history project.
So we hope you feel excited by the prospect of starting next week and well prepared. Your personal supervisor will be there to help you with our health and safety requirements when you start next week and your supervisors will also brief you about the background to the museum, summarising all the huge amount of information on our website. In the next couple of days it might be worthwhile if you get hold of evaluations and other notes made by students who’ve worked with us before you can get a lot of pointers from them.
Now before I finish today, I wanted to help you find your way around the museum. When you start next Monday, the first thing you’ll need to do is sign in. Come through the main entrance and you’ll see the main staircase straight ahead. To the right of this is the statue of the horse and just behind that is a door - go through that and that’s the sign-in office. Now, on the first day you’ll be working in Gallery 1. You find this as follows ... in the central courtyard area, close to the entrance, there’s a large chest where visitors put donations for the museum. The door just behind that leads to Gallery 1. The workshop you’ll be taking part in starts at eleven o’clock but if you want to go in earlier you can get the key and let yourself in. The key box is quite hard to find. Walk behind Reception and it’s between the large gallery and the bookshop.
I haven’t mentioned breaks, lunch etc. Unfortunately our cafe’s closed at the moment so your best bet is to bring a packed lunch. We tend to have our sandwiches in the kitchen area ... go round the reception desk and you’ll see a small circular cabinet - the door to the kitchen area is just behind that.
Now everyday, we put up notices about what’s happening in the museum. Your supervisor will brief you but if you want to check up on details, look on our staff noticeboard. This is in the corner of the play area - at the back, on the wall of Gallery 3.
If you have any questions, I’d be happy to ...
You will hear a business studies student called Sam talking to his tutor about an IT project he is going to do for a local company called Turners.
Hello Sam, come in and sit down ...
You’re here to discuss your company-based IT project aren’t you?
Yes ... I’ve been to see the Manager and he’s given me a lot of ideas about projects that the company would find useful. But I wanted to ask your opinion about them before I choose one.
Yes, that’s fine. Now this company’s called Turners isn’t it?
That’s right. It’s a small engineering company - they make machine components for trade use. They’re well established - they started in nineteen seventy-six - but they’re a bit old fashioned.
OK ... And what kind of projects did Turners suggest you could do for the company?
Well, they want some improvements made to their customer database. The one that they’ve got at the moment isn’t very useful in some ways. I had a quick look at it ...
That would be a very straightforward project, and it’d be simple enough to evaluate, but I don’t think you’d get enough out of a project like that. You wouldn’t learn anything new.
Well another project they suggested is to do with their online sales catalogue. At the moment customers can look at their products but they can’t actually order them online, which must affect their competitiveness. But I said I thought it would take too long, it’s quite a big task.
You’re right. It’s too much for the time you’ve got. It’s a pity though.
Then they want some help with their payroll system. At the moment the way they calculate pay involves a lot of manual accounting. I suggested they could have a system where employees register electronically when they arrive and leave work, so the hours they do could be transferred automatically.
I think you’d get a lot out of a project like that - it would extend your skills but it wouldn’t be too much to take on. A student did something similar a couple of years ago, but this is slightly different.
Well, then they need help with their stock inventory. They do everything manually ...
Yes! And it takes so much time.
It’s probably very inaccurate too ... An electronic inventory would probably be the biggest single benefit for the company. I’m surprised they haven’t had it done before.
I know! Then they wanted to improve their internal security. The Manager had visited other companies where the staff use swipe cards to access various areas of the building ... It sounded useful, but the trouble is, I’m not really sure how to do it.
Well, I think you’re right in that assessment. At the moment it’s probably a bit beyond your level of knowledge. Is that all?
Just one more ... Customer Service. They want to be able to collect feedback from their customers in a more systematic way. At the moment it’s a bit of a mess, and they probably lose business as a result.
Would that involve you going to see customers at their own premises? Because in that case you might have to do a fair amount of travelling, and that would incur expenses that haven’t been agreed with these companies.
I never thought of that ...
Well it might not be a problem, but it’s something that needs clarifying ... Well I hope that’s been helpful in narrowing down the options?
Yes it has, thanks. I’ll be able to make a decision now. But while I’m here, can I talk to you about coursework?
Sam: I’m not very happy about the way our group assignment is working. There are some problems .
Tutor: Oh dear. Are people just not getting on with each other? That’s the worst thing ...
Sam: Actually we’re all friends, it’s not that, but when we’re having a discussion about the assignment one or two people end up doing all the talking, and the rest don’t say anything. It’s a bit frustrating, because we need plenty of debate ...
Tutor: Well that’s a common observation. You’re studying in a group with people from all over the world, and you all have your own ways of participating. In some places students are more used to listening than talking, and vice versa.
Sam: Mmm. I suppose you’re right ... I’ll try to remember that ...
Tutor: Does everyone pull their weight as far as sharing the workload is concerned?
Sam: I’d say they do, yes. And our group elected a leader. She’s very good at making sure no one’s overloaded ... But personally I feel that there are just too many of us in the group. Whenever we try to arrange a meeting there’s always at least one person who can’t make it. It’s not anyone’s fault. It’s just that we’ve all got slightly different timetables.
Tutor: Well I’m glad you’ve talked to me about it. Feedback is always useful. Is there anything else you’re concerned about?
Sam: There are a couple of problems with lecturers that all the students are talking about ...
Tutor: Last semester we had negative feedback about the way lectures were organised. There were several occasions when the wrong room had been booked, or the same room had been booked twice ... that sort of thing. Is that still a problem?
Sam: That hasn’t happened at all as far as I know ...
Tutor: Oh good, it’s sorted out then.
Sam: But ... I don’t know the reason, but some of the staff often turn up late, so we miss ten or fifteen minutes of our lecture time ... It might be because they’ve been copying handouts for students, I think there’s a queue for the machine sometimes ...
Tutor: Well I’ll look into that. Thank you for telling me. Anything else?
Sam: The other thing is that it can be very difficult to get to see a lecturer individually. They’re all very supportive and friendly when you do manage to find them, but often they’re not in their office, even at times when they’re meant to be available for consultation.
Tutor: OK ... That’s helpful ... Now before you leave, let me...
You will hear a wildlife expert giving a talk to a group of bird lovers in the UK about a species called the Tawny Owl.
Good evening everyone. You’re all likely to be familiar with pictures of the tawny owl, because of all the owl species in the UK it’s actually the most common one. But the chances are that you’re more likely to have heard one than actually seen one, as it’s also strongly nocturnal. This means that it normally ventures out at night.
So what kind of habitat does the tawny owl prefer? Well, a survey carried out in the nineteen eighties confirmed that this owl is most likely to be found in woodland. If you look at a map of tawny owl distribution across Britain, you’ll only see gaps in the treeless marshy areas of eastern England, and in some of the more upland parts of north-west Scotland. However, you can sometimes find populations of tawny owls in urban areas too, either in parks or in large gardens.
The tawny owl shows some obvious adaptations to its natural habitat. For example, both its wings and its tail are short, which helps it to manoeuvre through the trees. Also the bird’s plumage is a mixture of brown and grey, and this provides suitable camouflage for when the owl perches up against a tree trunk. Then, there are its large eyes. The tawny owl's visual capacities are considerably better than those of humans, and although it can’t see in complete darkness, it’s sufficiently well equipped to be able to navigate its way around woodland on all but the most overcast nights. Another factor that contributes to the tawny owl's success as a hunter, is its excellent memory of the layout of different areas. If you combine this ability with the owl’s strongly territorial and sedentary nature - most populations of tawny owl are 'sit and wait’ predators - you realise that it has a good opportunity to predict where prey might be found. Finally, as well as having large eyes, the owl’s sense of hearing is excellent, and this helps it to locate potential prey as it sits on its perch.
Turning now to the tawny owl’s diet ... Woodland tawny owls feed mainly on mammals, especially small ones such as wood mice and bank voles. But they’ll also take things like frogs, or bats or even fish, if they happen to be available. In urbanised landscapes, the owls seem to prey more on birds. So there are some differences there.
Let’s just look briefly now at survival rates in the tawny owl. Young tawny owls face a difficult time once they leave home, and two out of every three are likely to die within their first year. So with such high mortality levels it’s a good job that established breeding pairs can produce young over a number of seasons, and maximise their chances of passing their genes on to the next generation of owls.
I’ve already mentioned the sedentary nature of the tawny owl. But it’s not just adult tawny owls that are sedentary in their habits. Young birds, dispersing away from where they were born, rarely move far - the average distance is just four kilometres. There also appears to be some reluctance to cross large bodies of water - the owl is absent from many of the islands around our shores, with only occasional sightings in Ireland and the Isle of Wight off the south coast of England.
Right, well, now I’ll show you some photographs that have been taken in ...