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You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below shows the average number of UK commuters travelling each day by car, bus or train between 1970 and 2030.
Write a report for a university, lecturer describing the information shown below.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Write about the following topic.
With the improvements in today’s health care, society has to care for more and more elderly people.
Do you feel that society will be able to cope with the increase in numbers of elderly people today and how can it be managed?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
The line graph compares figures for daily travel by workers in the UK using three different forms of transport over a period of 60 years.
It is clear that the car is by far the most popular means of transport for UK commuters throughout the period shown. Also, while the numbers of people who use the car and train increase gradually, the number of bus users falls steadily.
In 1970, around 5 million UK commuters travelled by car on a daily basis, while the bus and train were used by about 4 million and 2 million people respectively. In the year 2000, the number of those driving to work rose to 7 million and the number of commuting rail passengers reached 3 million. However, there was a small drop of approximately 0.5 million in the number of bus users.
By 2030, the number of people who commute by car is expected to reach almost 9 million, and the number of train users is also predicted to rise, to nearly 5 million. By contrast, buses are predicted to become a less popular choice, with only 3 million daily users.
In current society, the life expectancy in western countries has increased significantly. Also, fewer babies are being born, causingthe relative percentage of elderly people to increase. These people have to be taken care of, causing the question to rise whetherthis number of elderly people can be cared for.
When people grow older, they can also develop more health issues, resulting in more visits to doctors and hospitals, and anincreased usage of pharmaceuticals. Due to the current large numbers of elderly people, the pressure put onto health care systemsis increasing. In many western countries, the state provides most of the health care system. Therefore with increasing numbers ofold people, higher percentages of state funding have to be allocated to health care and this could cause shortfalls in other areas, forexample education. This change in the distribution of money can therefore impact society negatively.
Society should be able to handle these changes. Governments will have been able to predict the changing demographic situationsin their countries and plan accordingly. This might indeed lead to other sectors in society having money taken away from them, butcaring for the elderly is one of the key responsibilities of today’s governments. For the future, it might be necessary to ensure thatan extra insurance charge is levied on people’s salaries in order that any future financial shortfall is met. This would be unpopular,but would allow governments to have the necessary funds available.
In conclusion, society today and in the future should be well able to deal with caring for their elderly. It is only a question of carefullong-term forecasting and planning.
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