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You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The diagrams below show stages in the development of simple cooking equipment.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic.
In recent years some countries have experienced very rapid economic development. This has resulted in much higher standards of living in urban areas but not in the countryside.
This situation may bring some problems for the country as a whole. What are these problems? How might they be reduced?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
The diagrams depict how the modern cooking equipment evolved through three stages.
Originally the cooking used to be done with help of a pot supported by three stones at the bottom. The twigs and grass placed between the stones provided heat to the pot.
In the second stage, a protective clay shield was used around the stones, obviously to prevent heat loss and to protect the fire from winds. A cooking pot could be easily placed on top of it.
The modern cooking device (diagram C) is totally different in look and function. The fire is completely enclosed in a metal covering at the bottom. It has a front door for air supply and ash removal. The top consists of a grate on which charcoal can be placed. It is shielded by a clay-lining to prevent loss of heat. Besides a handle for easy transportation, the equipment has three metal supports at the top to keep the pot in balance.
In short, the simple cooking device underwent drastic changes before becoming a modern cooking equipment.
Band 9 Sample Answer
The three diagrams illustrate how basic cooking devices developed from simple fires to more complex equipment.
The first stage was a simple cooking pot balanced on three stones over a fire ot twigs and grass The second shows how the same equipment was improved by building a shield made of clay around the fire. This was obviously to prevent heat loss and to protect the fire from winds.
The final diagram shows a further stage in which the fire is completely enclosed by a metal base in order to increase the control of the heat and the level of protection. There is a door at the front where air can enter and ashes can be removed there are metal supports so that a pot can balance on the stove and a handle for easy transportation.
Overall, the features of the stove in diagram C indicate that the efficiency of the cooking equipment was greatly improved.
Although, economic development lead to increasing higher standards of living in mega cities, that has some bad effects in the long run time if the government does not pay more attention to the countryside. In developing countries when the government try to improve the economic, focus on major cities and ignore some problems that little by little are being emerged in country side by mismanagement.
First of all, the government offers poor services to the countryside and not only does not provide decent facilities for them but also deprive them of several public facilities that the other people in mega cities have like good pubic transportation. This inequality lead to mass immigrating and the mega cities will become overcrowded and aggravated the problems since they can not provide good situations for people who live there.
The other main problem that can not overlook by the government is that when the people who live in the country side and they have not decent services and facilities to make living, they have to leave their jobs in countryside and try to find the other jobs in major cities that they not only do not like but they also can not do correctly and their boss fire them that lead to increasing rate of joblessness and rate of crime because the people who have not decent jobs try to make money easily by bad ways which means agriculture industry is being ruined by immigrating to urban areas which would not be if the government had paid more attention to country side and had provided decent facilities to them.
In conclusion, when the countries want to develop their economy, they must consider all the problem that might be happened in both major cities and countryside. The best solution that can be adopted to tackle these problems is that the government tries to has useful plan for each of areas in the long term and does not overlook some irreversible damage which might be happened in short term and are impacted on the economy in long term by the mismanagement.
Band 9 Sample Answer
From the evidence of developing countries all over the world it seems inevitable that economic growth is generated in the business and industrial centres of the major cities. As a result, urban citizens have access to jobs and facilities that improve their living standards considerably. However, it is usually the case that these are not equally enjoyed by people in the countryside and this generates several problems for the countries concerned.
First of all, people from the countryside will try to move to the cties to get more employment opportunities and better access to the facilities available there. But this increase in the urban population puts great pressure on housing and services, and leads to the creation of massive slum areas where conditions may be lower than in the rural villages. These are often left under-populated and this can impact on food production and can have severe affects for people in both urban and rural areas.
Finally, as a country's economy develops, there may be an increasing sense of inequality as the towns get richer and the villages get poorer, and this may lead to more crime and even civil unrest.
The key to reducing these problems seems to lie in improving the standards of living and the facilities available in the countryside. Perhaps incentives can be offered to factories and companies to relocate; road and rail networks can be built to make such relocation possible; doctors and teachers could be required to spend part of their professional lives in rural areas, etc.
In conclusion, however, improving rural living standards requires investment and political will that is sometimes not easy to generate.