|1. 2 weeks||21. little stitches|
|2. 1750||22. functional|
|3. discount||23. wool|
|4. travel insurance||24. layers|
|5. vegetarian meals||25. sea wave|
|6. visa||26. firemen|
|7. tree||27. farmer|
|8. family||28. rail travel|
|9. school||29. diamond|
|10. cars||30. collectors|
|11. C||31. Alexandrovna|
|12. A||32. Russian|
|13. C||33. dom54|
|14. B||34. full time|
|15. A||35. 21 of July|
|16. key terms||36. competition|
|17. animal world||37. cooking and swimming|
|18. contexts||38. children's tutor|
|19. stages||39. project manager|
|20. influences||40. friend|
|Level||Band||Listening Score||Reading Score|
Legend: Academic word (?) New word
Travel agent: Good morning. Er, just a moment and I’ll be with you Urn, now, how can I help you?
I Yes, I phoned you earlier about an eco-holiday - you know, one of those holidays where you don’t damage the environment at all and you get close to nature
T Yes. I remember Mr Petrov, isn’t it?
I Yes, Igor Petrov You said you were going to look up what was available at rather short notice.
T I did, and I’ve got a few things here. Just before I show them to you, though, let me get down a few details
T Right. Now, how long are you hoping to go for - a week, a month?
I I originally planned to go for three weeks, but I think actually two would be better.
T Fine, I’ll just note that down Mm I think it’s a good length for a holiday You don’t want to go for too long or it’s difficult to get back to work again afterwards. I always think. And what's the limit on how much you're prepared to pay?
I Yes, I don’t really want to go above £1,750 if I can help it
T Mm Fine, but when you come to look at the brochures,
I should just point out that each of them has a discount if you pay in advance.
I Oh! That’s good. How much is it?
T It depends on the holiday you choose, but it's worth bearing in mind. Do you have any special requirements which t should note down, by the way?
I Er, yes, one thing I'm keen on is having travel insurance while I'm away, so can you give me a quote?
T Well. I can’t actually at the moment because our internet connection is down just now, but as soon as we have it up and running again and we know what holiday you’ve chosen, I’ll give you a call. Is there anything else?
I Yes, there is, actually. I’m not a meat eater, so you’ll need to specify to the airline that I need to eat vegetarian meals when I fly.
T OK . vegetarian meals. By the way, what nationality are you, Mr Petrov?
i I’m Russian. From St Petersburg originally.
T I just ask because i may need to see if you’ll need a visa for some of the places you might visit I’m just pointing that out because you want to go fairly soon and it can sometimes be quite a lengthy process.
Igor: So, what options are still available?
Travel agent OK There are these three possibilities which I managed to print out earlier ! thought they looked good
I OK, let's have a look.
T Um, the first is called the Dumbarton Tablelands. It looks pretty good to me It’s in Western Australia. The holiday really involves being close to and watching animals - almost living with them, in fact, because you get to stay in a quite luxurious house or cabin built high up in a tree and surrounded by lovely countryside And, you know, there are birds and lizards and things if you like that sort of thing, so you're very sort of
I Close to nature.
T Close to nature, that’s right
I Sounds interesting. I guess I could enjoy that Er, what else have you got 5
T Well, there's this one in the Bago Nature Reserve, where you go and stay with a local family in their house in a small mountain village away from other tourists and the usual tourist spots, so you discover lots about the way they live and you sort of live in the family, share their meals, help them with their work, that sort of thing
I Mm. Not so much of a holiday, then...
T Well, it depends on you. It's very different, and they say a change is as good as a rest And then there’s San Luis Island
I Mm What happens at San Luis?
T Well, it's a small island, just a few miles from the coast of Central America, but I'm not sure if it’s really up your street You might like it because international tourism hasn’t spoilt it yet, but I'd say it's more a holiday for young people. You go and live in a hostel and,.you know, you help paint the local school and you get to meet the kids and sort of try your hand at teaching.
I Teaching what?
T Oh, English or maths, whatever you're good at. What makes the island interesting, though, ts their emissions policy. There are no cars - you have to walk or use a bicycle to get about, and you get there by sailing boat.
I Sounds wonderful.
Victor: Hi, Fumiko, how is the psychology course going?
Fumiko: Oh hi, Victor, I’m really enjoying it, but I've got a project this term that is you know, part of my assessment, and the topic s really hard
V Oh - is it ideas that you need?
F Oh thanks . but I think I've got plenty . that's the trouble - I don't really know where to start. My tutor’s given me such a huge area to cover that I can’t se.em to narrow it down to something I can manage.
V So what’s the topic, then? Maybe I can help?
F Well, ft's er, oh, The mystery of human relationships'.
V Your tutor's Mr Dresden, I bet!
F How do you know?
V Well, he gives very . shall we say ‘broad' project titles
I mean, when I had him, one of my topics was ‘Happiness is dot, dot, dot?
F He makes you think, doesn't he?
V Yeah. The thing about Mr Dresden is that he likes to find out what you really enjoy working on.
F That’s a good idea in theory. If I had more time, it would be fine.
V So what reading have you done so far?
F Well, he's done one lecture on my topic - that was a few weeks ago - and then he gave us a couple of articles from a journal.
V Have you still got them?
F I put them away somewhere without looking at them - I'll find them eventually. But I’ve just got these books from the library. I might find something useful in these.
V Have you been on the internet?
F I have, and there are some fascinating reports . but they made me realise just how much has been written!
V Weil, what exactly have you got to do for the project?
I guess you have to present it, so, er, there will be charts and things?
F Well, actually, Mr Dresden didn't ask for data - he said that the important thing was to read about the topic and definitely include a list of all our sources.
V I told you, didn’t I? He's just getting you to find stuff out
F Mmm I could do a survey and interview some people of different ages.
V OK - well, maybe I can help you a bit.
F Could you?
V I've got an English Lit seminar in ten minutes and I have to go in the library and find a couple of handouts for it
F Oh, OK, It’ll be getting late after that
V Look, tell you what, I'll text you in half an hour If the seminar doesn't last too long, we could have a coffee in the canteen afterwards.
F Oh,! hope so-that would be great.
V Right so let's design a plan. What ideas have you got so far?
F Well, I wandered about doing something about relationships in the wild first - you know, maybe starting with animals.
V That’s quite a good idea but I think the very first thing you need to do is give a definition of what you mean by your key terms .
F Oh, so i need to say what terms like ‘relationship’ mean?
V Yeah. Um, you could just do a diagram - you know, like you do when you brainstorm something
F Oh yes - OK, I’ll do that first.
V Right. After that, you could do a bit of background on the animal world . Yes, a quick look at relationships among ape groups would work
F Yeah - interesting - just to show that relationships are part of life . So that's the definition and background - what next?
V Well, then you have to move on to people Are you going to target a particular age group? Or something else?
F Well, I thought that first I would look at different. well, there are so many places, aren’t there, where we form relationships? In the office ...
V Yeah within the family Even toddlers aged 18 months or under have relationships
F Yeah . so I'll present those ..
V You mean the ' contexts ' for relationships.
F Yes, that’s the word.
V You do have to find a way to limit the scope of the study.
F Yeah I could examine the 21-to-30 age group.
V Or the next thing might be to select one type of relationship and go with that.
F Good idea! Um, I’ll pick friendship and look at what makes that type of relationship work and...
V Well, why don’t you go through the stages in a friendship? But I would keep it simple - just select six
F Six, OK I guess I could fit my practical work in here.
V Yes, it’s the sort of area that you can canvas people's opinions on Ah, it might be good to get some opinions from people over the age of 60.
F And - as a contrast - why don't I end by looking into the future? Maybe the future changes in
V Yeah, or better still, the influences - you know, with all the social networking that goes on now
F OK, influences oh, that's been such a help, Victor- Thanks so much.
V No problem . . I'd better go and get some work done myself. .
Good morning, everyone as you know, we're continuing with the part of the textile course where we look at some different types of stitching - or stitching techniques - and today we’re looking at one that comes from Japan. It's called sashiko.
Now, what does that word mean? Well, it translates as 'little stitches' and in its modern form, um. you can see from these pictures, it produces a very, er, very beautiful, decorative design on things like cushions, curtains and quilted covers - all produced by hand, of course - and many sold in shops tfiese days. But sashiko began long ago. and its Japanese origins were much more functional than this
It started among farming communities, in mountain villages, in the north of Japan’s main island. Centuries ago, transport was difficult in these places, and the bitter climate made it hard to grow fibre plants for spinning and weaving into warm cloth Also, there \^ere no sheep in Japan at this time, so, er, no wool either, and this meant that people were left with a locally produced materia!, called asa, that was hard-wearing but not very warm So, what they did was to dye this local fabric blue
- because the dye was thought to strengthen the fibres - and they solved the problem of warmth by stitching together many layers of this doth, in this way, they produced clothes that were warm but not too bulky It was done, er, with a white, heavy thread, um, so there were many shades of blue cloth
- light and dark - and white stitching, and so a typical 'look' or image was created . like this. They used designs based on traditional Japanese patterns that had their own names, such as sea wave' ,. perhaps to reflect the wavy effect of the design Here's another example.
Now, each garment that was made at this time was planned for a specific purpose. So, for example, waistcoats were heavily stitched on the back and shoulders if they were going to be worn while carrying heavy baskets And it wasn’t only country people who relied on sashiko clothing In Japanese towns, firemen dressed for duty in sashiko-stitched garments - jackets, trousers, hoods and gloves - which were soaked with water to protect them.
So the point here is that sashiko clothing was essential for survival at one time. And even though making things in this way took up many hours for people who also had to work, do household tasks and so on, it was a vital skill. The wife of someone like a farmer, for instance, had to spend time making clothes, and she would do the stitching without a frame or structural support. And the garments, once you put them on, were flexible and moulded themselves to the wearer [f you look at a genuine sashiko garment today, then you can see the evidence of wear and get a feel for the shape of the wearer's body, which is fascinating
Then, in 1895. traditional life changed, and sashiko was no longer necessary because rail travel reached northern Japan, and warm textiles could then be imported However, since the 1970s, sashiko has been revived in Japan and has also been taken up by quilters and embroiderers in the USA and the UK Nowadays, the designs are a little different There are vertical and horizontal stripes, for example, or the stitches can be arranged to produce a diamond effect here we are Similar fabrics to those used traditionally can be found in modern furnishing or dressmaking departments or from suppliers so that the traditional appearance of a sashiko item has been maintained.
Now, there are exhibitions of ancient sashiko items, but the disappointing thing is this While old pots and ceramics are considered to be treasures and preserved even with cracks, ancient garments made by poor village women have not been given such a high value and, sadly, many of them have been thrown away, rather than getting the attention of collectors This is a pity because they say a great deal about how people once lived and about their technical skill and it’s no coincidence that sashiko has now become a pastime on an international level.
Interviewer: Hi there - can I help you with anything?
Dominika: Oh, hi I’m interested in the possibility of a career with TGS when I graduate. So I thought I’d come here and see if there are any opportunities suitable for people like me.
I: OK. I'll take a few details from you. and then we can contact you when we start our recruitment programme.
D: Oh great.
I: So if you were to work with us, what area would you want to focus on?
D: I'm hoping to make a career in the field of marketing. I’m quite an outgoing person.
I: OK. I'll just feed that into the computer. And what’s your name?
D: It's Dominika Alexandrovna.
I: OK . Can you just spell your surname for me?
D: Sure. It's A-L-E-X-A N-D-R-O-V-N-A.
I: Thanks - it's important to spell names correctly in business!
I: And where are you from. Dominika?
D: Well. I was bom in Poland actually, and my mum's Polish, but I'm Russian because we moved to Moscow when I was very small for my father's job
I: Well I must say, youi English is very good.
D: Thanks. I've been here a couple of years now.
I: OK. well, we usually get in touch with students a bit later on .. and the easiest way for us to communicate with you is by email.
D: Oh yes - I can give you my email address.
I: Fine. Then we can send you any links that you need to read and attach the application forms.
D: Oh great .. well, my email address is dom54 @gmail.com
I: Right - thanks. As you know, we like to encourage young people to start working for us as soon as they graduate.
I: Obviously our interest is related to the class of degree that you get.
D: Well. I’m hoping to get a 2:1
My tutors are all pretty confident that I will.
I: That's good . .So. which university are you studying at?
D: I'm just finishing my course at London University.
I: And I assume you're in the school of business ...
D: Yes. I've been doing a BA.
I: And is that part time?
D: No - I'm a full-time student. I haven't actually had any experience of business yet I want to concentrate on getting my qualifications first
I: OK How have you found the course?
D: Oh - it's been really good. I've really improved my communication skills, and I've learned how to work in a team as well.
I: Well, that's good if you want to work in a global company. So when do you finish?
D: Urn - well, it's a 22-month course and I finish in two weeks' time.
I: I see. So when would you be available for an interview?
D: Well. I think the 21 of July . I'm taking a holiday on the 12rd of July for a week and I'd need a couple of days to sort myself out after that
I: We're obviously interested in your business qualifications, but it also helps if you've done anything in your spare time that shows you have some business-related skills.
D: Urn - well. I did run a competition last year for the charity 'Save the Children'.
I: That's just the sort of thing I mean .. shows you have some management skills. Right... and. apart from work and study, what do you like to do in your free time?
D: I'm quite good at cooking. I make sure I eat well... you know, when you're a student, it's easy to forget to eat or to eat a lot of junk food. I do things like watch some of the cookery programmes on TV and then I copy them.
D: I'm not very sporty, but I do go swimming at least twice a week. I like to keep in shape.
I: Have you done any other work in the past that would be relevant to a marketing career?
D: Um, I did help my father with his business, but it wasn't really a job. I didn't get paid. But I have been a children’s tutor . I got that job through the people at my homestay.
I: That's good. So if you worked for us. how would you see your career developing?
D: What do you mean?
I: Well, are you ambitious? Do you want to get to the top?
He's two - he's a toddler now.
D: I guess I'd like to get into management you know ..I'd think my fitness level’s a bit better than it used to be. I like to work my way up the ladder and end up as a project manager .
I: Well, that's about all I need to ask you for now I'll let you walk around and look at some of our displays
I: Can I just ask how you first heard about the fair?
D: Oh - from a friend . She told me about it last week, and then I looked it up on the Internet.
I: OK. thanks.