|1. C||14. mobile phone|
|2. B||15. digital recorder|
|3. H||16. photo|
|4. E||17. organisation|
|5. A||18. letter|
|6. A OR D IN EITHER ORDER||19. local issue|
|7. A OR D IN EITHER ORDER||20. advertising|
|8. B, E (in either order)||21. pyramid|
|9. B, E (in either order)||22. quotations|
|10. D||23. figures|
|11. F||24. conclusion|
|12. E||25. headline|
|Level||Band||Listening Score||Reading Score|
Legend: Academic word (?) New word
Debbie Now, as you're all new, I'm just going to show you a map of the hospital and point out a few key places. Let’s start with the recreation centre. At the moment, we’re in the main building, that’s here .. and if you go out of the main entrance and just along the main road to the east you. II find the staff recreation centre It’s this T-shaped building . and there's a range of things that you can do here to help you relax.
If you get ill, we do have a health centre for all registered employees, and this is directly behind the main hospital building So, if you go out of the back exit, it's just in front of you, and there's a small pharmacy next to it I'm based here and I have a few leaflets on things if you want to come and see me.
Many of you will be doing shift work, so you might like to go to the 24-hour swimming pool and sauna They're very close by, and it doesn't cost much money to get in if you walk out of the front of the main building, there's a road straight ahead of you . . go down that and turn left into Tye Road - you'll see the pool entrance at the end of that road, just beyond the line of trees.
We've talked about eating healthily, and there's a very useful store nearby that sells a large range of organic products and health-food supplements. This is also in front of the main building, but this time you need to go beyond the turning for Tye Road and you’ll see it on the right-hand corner directly opposite another building
Finally, if you want a healthy meal and you have very little time to get it. of course there's always the canteen inside the main building But I would recommend a place called Jenny's Restaurant Leave the front of the main building and head for the roundabout When you’re there, take the second turning on the left it’s just along that road before the trees. You can get a number of excellent dishes here at a reasonable price.
Well, I think that’s all that’s.
Tutor Come in
T Oh hi, Amanda You've come to discuss your nud-term assignment, haven't you?
A Yes, that’s right
T So, what have you decided to do?
A Well, I thought I could base my study on pronunciation and get. students to do some self-assessment of their own pronunciation skills
T That’s interesting. You mean get them to record themselves
A That’s right . then listen back and see where their weaknesses tie.
T Good idea You could also do some peer evaluation
A Oh yes see whether their assessment of themselves matches what their classmates think.
T Ah-hah. So, how are you planning to do the assignment?
A Weil, I’m going to select a short extract from somewhere and ask them to read it aloud. Maybe something from one of the textbooks we’re reading.
T Why don’t you look up one of my lectures on the website and find a suitable extract there? That way, you'll be using authentic spoken language, rather than written text, and it will be a model for students to listen to
A Oh yes, that’s a much better idea. I’ll still have to write it out, though, won’t I?
T Yes - I don’t think you can expect them to remember it. Even a sentence is hard to recall
A No, and it isn't a memory test So when I choose the extract, what features do I need to think about?
T Um, first I'd say pick something well, something that's about a paragraph long but that makes sense out of the context of the lecture
A Right - a clear, well-structured passage
T Yes, because to read something well, you've got to be able to understand it, haven't you?
A Yes, that might mean taking a while to make the selection I guess it shouldn't consist entirely of short words!
T No - that's an obvious one You need to think about what features of pronunciation you're going to focus on Then make sure that your extract has examples of these.
A So some multi-syllable words. Things like probably and approximately.
T Yes - some challenges! And then there's sentence length.
A Mmm - I should include some complex sentences so that the students have to show they know where to pause.
T Exactly I wouldn't worry about how many sentences there are - but what you do need are some obvious main points .
A So that they can stress things?
T Yes, particular words or phrases should stand out as significant You know, we've already covered this in our classes over the weeks
Tutor: Now, let me see. Is there a lecture that I could recommend for you?
Amanda: What about the one you did at the start of term on, on the history of English?
T Yes, you could go for that - it had a lot of information which was clearly sequenced and presented , so you might find a nice chunk you can use The topic's a bit dull, though
A Uh-huh I guess it's good to use something enjoyable
T Yes, you might as well You have a choice, so um . the lecture on gestures and signs certainly went down well,
A Oh. I really liked that one , but I’m not sure that the content is related to what I’m doing
T Mmm Does that matter? . OK - there’s the one on intonation patterns - I didn't take long to put that together, though it might be a bit
A The topic's certainly more closely linked to the whole area of pronunciation
T OK, so could be good just watch out in case there are too many examples or models.
A The assignment after that lecture was fun
T What about language and rhythm? That was one of my mini-lectures
A Oh right, so I wouldn't have to spend too much time going through the content to find something.
T No, whereas the one on intonation patterns was a lot longer. Well, you've got a.few to choose from there .
A So whatever I choose, I’ll need to type it out and give them a copy each and then get them to record themselves reading the paragraph aloud
T Yes - give them about ten minutes to prepare. You can record in next Tuesday's class if you like
A Oh thanks. Do we have the equipment?
T That’s also important - yes' They could use mobile phones , couldn't they9 Though the sound quality may not be good on all of them.
A Technology can be unreliable at times ... but OK
T Well, we can also bring in some of the department’s digital recorders . You just need to book those in advance.
A OK, thanks
T Well, good luck, and let me know if you need any more help It will certainly be interesting to look at your findings afterwards
A Thanks, Dr White
Lecturer: Today, I'm going to be talking about amateur journalism in other words, journalism practised by ordinary people, not professional journalists For people like you, who want to get some real writing experience, this.can be a good way to get started, and later I’ll be offering you some practical tips to help you.
Amateur journalists are providing more and more news I think the main cause of this change has been the Internet Nowadays, anyone close to an important event can write a report and email it to a newspaper, or they can take a photo with a digital camera or use their mobile phone to make a video film of what’s happening.
Also, amateur journalism isn't just for people who are in the right-place at the right time. People can now write reports and articles about things which a big organisation might not be interested in and post their ideas on their website or blog. This means that all sorts of people can express their views.
Also, in the past if you wanted to make your opinions known, one of the few ways of doing this was to send a letter to a newspaper, but normally newspapers only print a few of the thousands of letters they receive each day Now, people can write about the things which are really important to them and the people around them and they put it in a blog. As a result, amateur journalists often write about something which is a local issue, and by ’local issue’, I mean something happening in the school in their area or the traffic in their town, but not something necessarily of national or international interest.
Amateur journalism is a growing phenonemon There are now major online newspapers. Ohmynews in South Korea, for example, has a large number of readers, and for this reason, they can attract advertising and get income from this. And, as a result it’s become a profitable business...
Lecturer: But how can you get involved? How can you begin to write articles which will be published on sites tike these?
Well, first you must have something interesting to say, something you want to communicate with readers. Assuming you have this, it's important in an article to attract people’s attention and gain their interest, so put the mam facts first, answering these questions: Who? Why? When? How? and Where?
Get those basic facts down to start with and get people interested Then fill in the details in the rest of the article: the best model is really shaped like a pyramid . You put the most important facts at the top of the article and lots of smaller details down below
Remember, you want, people to keep reading, so you need .to hold your readers’ interest. A really good technique for doing that is to put in quotations from people who are part of the story - what they really said. You know the sort of thing, um, ‘Tanya, mother of two, said “It all happened so quickly that we didn't have time to react.’" Quotations bring the article alive.
Once you’ve written your article, go over it again to make sure that any figures you quote are correct Make sure that Tanya really has two children and not one or three. Then, after that, once you've got your ideas down, rewrite your article, making sure that your paragraphs don’t contain more than three sentences - people like them to be brief and to the point, and this will help to hold their attention.
And another thing to bear in mind: if they’re, reading online, people will soon stop reading your piece and start reading something else, so keep the whole article brief Don’t put in a conclusion - just let your article eno without it.
Another good piece of advice is to remember that old cliche which we’ve all heard - that a picture is worth a thousand words. It’s true, so if you can, include a picture, it’ll attract more attention and illustrate what you’ve been saying.
Finally, you need to write a headline - something eye-catching which will get people to just skim the article to start with, and then, if it’s well written, they’ll read it more carefully afterwards.