|1. ticket||11. C|
|2. grey gates||12. B|
|3. permit||13. A|
|4. wallet||14. B|
|5. 5 minutes||15. C|
|6. journey||16. seabird|
|7. Wild||17. plant|
|8. 1.45 p.m||18. expensive|
|9. new species||19. marine life|
|10. desert||20. farmland|
|Level||Band||Listening Score||Reading Score|
Legend: Academic word (?) New word
Good morning, everyone, and welcome to the museum. Uhn there are a few points that you need to remember, so, before you go in, I’ll just run through them. Then you can all go off and have a good time!
So, first of all, you’ve all paid and you all have a ticket that allows you to go anywhere in the museum and includes one trip to the 3D cinema So you need to make sure that you put the ticket somewhere that is secure but easy to find. This is partly because you’ll need to show it to our staff if you decide to go out at any time - there are two restaurants which are outdoors, for example - and, urn. anyone who does decide to go outside should go and come back through the grey gates . Please don’t use the emergency exits unless there really is an emergency!
Now, I’m afraid that if you want to take photographs, you have to purchase a permit at the entrance we don’t allow visitors to take photographs of anything in the museum unless they have a permit. If you’d like a picture of you and your friends at any time, just let us know We have a number of professional photographers who’ll take a photo for you.
Urn, another thing is that you must keep everything that belongs to you with you all the time A lot of people will come to the museum during the day - you’ll probably be here for most of the day yourselves - so don’t lose your wallet and make sure you don't leave your mobile phone anywhere It’s easily done, and we aren't responsible for any losses while you’re here.
Er, as I mentioned earlier, you can go and see any of the films that are on in the 3D cinema I’ll tell you about those in a minute - there’s also a schedule on the back of the museum guide. I suggest you get to the cinema entrance roughly five minutes early It takes very little time to seat everyone, so you won’t be waiting for the show to begin.
Well, I think those are all the instructions I need to give you ...
OK, the films which are on today are being shown at different times. They're also about some amazing subjects.
Let me tell you a little bit about them.
The first one is called The Secrets of the Nile and starts in half an hour at ten o'clock It's a beautiful film and it tells the story of the journey that was made down the river Nile for the very first time . . starting in the mountains of Ethiopia and passing through the Sudan and Egypt before reaching the Mediterranean Sea You’ll accompany the travellers as they explore some of Africa's truly amazing landscapes.
The second film moves off land and into the sea. It’s called Wild Ocean , and this one begins at 11.45 So you have some time to look round the museum first if you choose this title. In this film, you’ll join the huge number of fish and other animals that live far down near the bottom of the sea You’lfsee them search for food, migrate and fight for survival.
Dinosaurs Alive is the third film showing today. It starts at 1. 45 p.m and runs for just 30 minutes This is a film for people who like special effects because there are plenty of them 1 Scientists now have a lot of evidence to show that some animals from the dinosaur family are still living on Earth. So in this film, you'll live with a new species of dinosaur that has been re-created using computers.
Our final film today is simply titled Arabia It starts at 2.30 and is a little longer than the others, but it’s a really wonderful experience You’ll ride through the desert on a camel. You’ll also dive among the treasures of the Red Sea where you'll explore the ruins of an amazing lost city.
Well, these are all magical experiences, so I’ll let you decide what you want to see If anyone has any questions...
Tutor: So, Fahad, let’s talk about your presentation. Urn, you've done a rough outline, so, er, let’s go over it and then you can go away and write it all up
T I asked you to choose a topic related to water, and you've chosen desalination - removing salt from seawater. Now, why did you choose that?
F Well, I come from the United Arab Emirates, and we have the world's largest desalination plant.
T Right, that's very relevant, and I think you should include that - you know, your personal, er, reasons - at the start
F Say why I decided on this topic?
T Yes - just give a sentence or two, that’ll do.
F OK - I mean, I thought I should keep the introduction brief
T Yes, but you can say why you like the topic it’s a good choice of topic - very interesting - and then I can follow the introduction easily.
T Now, let’s go on to the historical background
F Mm, I want to make it clear that seawater purification isn't a new idea.
T No - indeed, that's a good point to make.
F So I'm going to describe some of the older’ methods from the past.
T Mmm I got a bit lost reading your notes here.
F Ah-ha Is ittoo long?
T Well, I think the real problem is that the information isn’t in any logical order.
F I see well, it is just notes
T Well, you start in the 18th century, then move to the present day, then go back to the 20th century
F So it needs reorganising
T Yes, that would help
F OK - I’ll make it clearer. What about the description of the process?
T Ah, yes, that looks pretty good to me, but we’ll go over it in more detail in a moment.
F OK. I may need to cut it down
T Yes, definitely - it goes on for a long time and gets a bit technical.
F Sure, er OK After the process, I want to talk about the pros and cons of desalination, because that seems to be the big debate
T I totally agree. But you need to sort this section out
F Yes, it is a bit confusing
T I think you should present the main points one at a time
F OK - what, er, the advantages and disadvantages?
T Yes, and talk about each one individually
F OK - rather than presenting them all together?
T Mmm - it’s hard for your listeners to take in like that.
It’s all a bit unclear at the moment.
F I see
T So, lastly, you conclude that we need to look for alternative ways to remove salt from sea water.
F Well, yes. Do you think that’s the wrong conclusion?
T No, no - not at all. However, you should tell your audience exactly why you think this.
F I will in the previous section.
T Mmm, but you need to summarise the reasons again in the final part of your presentation.
F Oh, I see. Right I’ll mention them briefly, then.
T Just a list will do. That’ll make the conclusion a better length as well.
F OK - thanks very much, Dr Tyler.
Tutor: OK, so let’s have a closer look at the section on the process of desalination.
Fahad: Well, I just need to outline the principle of the process, don’t I?
T Uh-huh Yes, yes. You need to explain first what desalination means
F Well, I want to start by referring to a natural form of desalination. Urn, and to say that a sea bird filters salt out of sea water in its throat
T OK, that’s interesting so they just spit the salt out, do they?
T Right, that’s a good introduction. Then you can go on to describe the mechanical process.
F Yes - well, the first stage is the collection urn it involves a large plant that collects the water - actually, it goes through a canal and that passes the water into the plant , which treats it, you know.
T Removes all the rubbish
T So the treatment’s the second stage What happens next?
F Well, the next stage is that it goes through a lot of pipes until it reaches the point where the salt is removed.
T OK - so that’s the next point on your chart
F Yes - I can talk about this quite a lot. the salt’s separated from fresh water
T Right the water passes through a membrane
F Mmm - not exactly. That’s the whole thing The sea water has to be forced er, pumped and a lot of pressure is involved.
T Mmm - you need to make that point - explain that the water doesn’t go freely
F No, because the salt is heavy. This is the really expensive part of the process.
T OK so after that, what happens?
F Well, there’s some more treatment after the high-pressure filtering process, but eventually the system produces fresh water.
T OK - it might be good to mention what’s left over
F Salt, and that’s a really big problem .
T Where does it go?
F After the desalination process, the substance that remains - it’s called brine - it’s a very salty substance and it goes back - usually into the sea.
T Mmm. F It's not good for fish, though . it damages marine life .
T Well - you can discuss that in the next section of your presentation
F Yup. So anyway a lot of the fresh water that’s produced is used for human consumption
T Uh-huh, yes, and
F it’s also used for irrigation for watering farmland
T Great! Well, you’ve mentioned some of the disadvantages .