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You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The diagrams below show two methods of collecting water for irrigation purposes.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Sample answer 1
The pictures below show the comparison between two methods of cultivating crops by swing basket with rope and bucket technique.
To begin with, both process used specific technique to irrigate the field. In swing basket process, two farmers would bring a basket made of bamboo or leather which is water resistant in every side. Next, both farmers hold the ropes which are connected to the basket. Moreover, when they start to dig water under one to two meters, they will put the water through the basket. After, they push the water up and move it into irrigation channel. The crops are ready to be cultivated.
Differently, the next method used animal energy such as buffalo or cow. This energy is transported by placing a metal round in cow’s body which is tightening by rope to the next pump. To start with, this method is used to dig water in deep wall under fifty meters. Further, new equipment is built in the tap of wall and consist of rollers and pulley from metal. All of the rollers, pulley, bucket and cow are connected by tight ropes. It is started when the bucket through to deep wall, the water come inside. Then, cow will draw the rollers and pulley to put up the bucket filled water. Next, in the tap wall, the bucket will pour the water immediately through irrigation channel.
To sum up, both of the pictures show naturally water irrigation process by using human and animal energy. After all, these methods are used to different place of water on.
Sample answer 2
The pictures show two methods of collecting water for irrigation purposes using a simple tools.
The first method is swing basket. The tools which needed are basket made of bamboo or leather and two ropes. The water resources from river beside the field with the dept approximately 1-2 metres. Next, the basket tied up with the two ropes as a handle for the basket. The process begins when two people throw the basket into the river and fill it with the full of water. Then, they pull it together with their power. At last, pour the water inside the basket into the irrigation channel.
The second method is rope and bucket. This method use different tools from the swing basket method, they are bucket, pulley, rolley. While, the water resources from wells with the depth 50 metres. First, the bucket throw into the wells automatically connected with pulley so that can help for up and down the bucket. Second, the cow pull the basket out from the wells in the slope land by rope connected with rolley. Third, the water inside the basket pour to the irrigation channel where is in beside the wells.
The systems show that different method to bring the water from different depth of water resources. More weight and more depth of water that bring from water resources that means need more power to bring it outside and pour it into the irrigation channel.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic.
Some people think that large, impressive buildings are important for a city. Others believe that the money should be spent on improving schools and hospitals.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
1 Decide who might have the two opinions in the task, and why.
2 Choose some vocabulary from the unit that might be useful in your answer.
3 Consider how you could include some linkers of contrast.
4 Decide on your own opinion and any personal experience that you could include.
5 Write a plan for your answer.
Impressive city buildings are tourist attractions, and governments like to spend money on them. However, people need hospitals and schools as well. Although they are less noticeable, this does not mean they are less important. I think governments should spend money on both types of building.
When you visit any city centre, you notice the buildings that stand out. Buildings like the Pompidou Centre in Paris and the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, which is the tallest building in the world, bring many benefits to local citizens. Tourists want to see these buildings and they spend money in the country at the same time. The buildings are also used for important purposes, such as arts centres, and this makes them famous. I believe that governments have to spend money on city buildings if they want their country to be known around the world.
However, governments must also make sure that their citizens are looked after. If there are not enough schools or the school buildings are old, children cannot be educated properly. Similarly, every society needs well- built hospitals and medical facilities. Where I live, we have a very large, modern hospital, but we also have a lot of elderly people who need care. Our government is planning to build a special centre for them, and this will cost a lot of money.
Overall, I believe governments should spend some of their money on city buildings because they need to look after the global status of their country. However, they should also ensure that they have modern school and hospital buildings for their people.