Legend: Academic word (?) New word
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The diagram below shows a simple system that turns dirty water into clean water.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The diagram shows a method for filtering dirty water using a barrel and a drum, a pipe and two taps.
First, the drum and barrel are placed next to each other so that the top of the barrel is higher than the drum. These items are linked by a pipe that runs from the bottom of the barrel into the side of the drum. Next, the filter is made by adding sand, charcoal and gravel to the barrel. Finally, a tap is fixed to the bottom of the drum and the top of the pipe.
The process begins when dirty water is poured into the barrel. After that, the water goes through the filter and up the pipe into the drum, where it is stored. Then, when the tap in the drum is turned on, clean drinking water comes out.
The system shows how natural materials and basic equipment can be used to produce drinking water in just a few simple stages
Explain what the diagram shows and
list the equipment.
Explain how to build the water-filter
Explain how to operate the system.
Write an overview of the diagram.
Discuss these questions.
1 How deep is the water source?
2 Who or what is collecting the water?
3 What equipment is used?
4 What is the water being used for?
You should think about:
1 what to describe and compare in the two diagrams;
2 how many paragraphs you will write, and what you will write in each one;
3 how you will begin and end your answer, and what you will include in the overview.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic.
Some people think that buildings such as flats and houses should be designed to last a long time. Others believe that it is more important to provide accommodation quickly and cheaply.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
1 How many parts are there to the question? What are they?
2 Why do some buildings last a long time? (building materials? design?)
3 Brainstorm some of the advantages of this (financial? practical?)
4 Brainstorm reasons why quick, cheap accommodation is sometimes necessary. (People need homes? Disasters happen?)
5 What type of people might have the views in the task?
6 What is your opinion? What types of accommodation are there where you live? Where could you include this in your answer?
Most governments have to build housing for their citizens. As populations grow more homes are needed, and sometimes the demand for accommodation increases rapidly. If people cannot find places to live0it is a huge worry for them. They do not care about the quality of their housing - they just need somewhere to live.
In the past, many buildings were carefully designed, and people could see that their external appearance was important. In my country, some of the most beautiful houses are old ones because they have an interesting shape and the architecture is impressive. Even though they were constructed a long time ago0they are still used and can still cost a lot of money to buy. For this reason, some people believe that homes today should also be well built, using good materials.
Although I agree with this0I also feel that poor people might not think it is fair. Some types of building material are much more expensive than others. Architects are also expensive if you use them. We have a lot of apartment blocks in the area where I live, and people want to live in them. They do not think about how much they cost to build. Unfortunately, these buildings may not last very long, and the occupants may have all sorts of problems with the building, which can mean that more homes have to be built.
In conclusion, I think that both views are relevant. While city accommodation must be well built so that it does not start to fall down too soon, it should also be affordable and available for people who need it.