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Answer for Complete IELTS 1 - Reading Practice Test 7

1. B 26. i
2. A 27. iv
3. G 28. iii
4. H 29. drought
5. A 30. 3.3 million
6. C 31. crops
7. words 32. wells
8. eyes 33. sand
9. information 34. A OR C IN EITHER ORDER
10. slow reader 35. A OR C IN EITHER ORDER
11. often 36. D
12. tired 37. A
13. concentrate 38. C
14. Arctic Circle 39. C
15. earth 40. D
16. 150 million 41. B
17. eight 42. F
18. 15 43. A
19. photosynthesis 44. YES
20. solar cells 45. NOT GIVEN
21. vitamin D 46. NO
22. gravity 47. NO
23. vi 48. NO
24. v 49. YES
25. viii

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Other modules in this test:

Marking Scheme

Level Band Listening Score Reading Score
Expert 9 39-40 39-40
Very Good 8.5 37-38 37-38
Very Good 8 35-36 35-36
Good 7.5 32-34 33-34
Good 7 30-31 30-32
Competent 6.5 26-29 27-29
Competent 6 23-25 23-26
Modest 5.5 18-22 19-22
Modest 5 16-17 15-18
Limited 4.5 13-15 13-14
Limited 4 10-12 10-12
Extremely Limited 3.5 8-10 8-9
Extremely Limited 3 6-7 6-7

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Test details

Sections:

Questions 1-6

The reading passage has seven paragraphs, A-H.

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-H.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

1     the types of people who need to read more quickly
Answer: B   (Locate)

2     the fastest reading speeds
Answer: A   (Locate)

3     how a reader can become confused
Answer: G   (Locate)

4     why reading material should be interesting
Answer: H   (Locate)

5     a definition of speed reading
Answer: A   (Locate)

6      what you should consider before you start reading
Answer: C   (Locate)

Questions 7-13

Complete the table below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Chunking

Type of reader

Reading method

Effect of method on reader

skilled reader

• many 7 in 

a block
Answer: words   (Locate)

• reader hardly ever goes back

• reader’s 8  do less work
Answer: eyes   (Locate)

• more 9 is processed
Answer: information   (Locate)

10
Answer: slow reader   (Locate)

• small blocks

• reader 11  goes back
Answer: often   (Locate)

• reader easily gets 12
Answer: tired   (Locate)

• finds it hard to 13 on passage
Answer: concentrate   (Locate)


Questions 14-22

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

14. For part of the year people who live above the cannot see the sun.
Answer: Arctic Circle   (Locate)

15. In 1543, Nicholas Copernicus demonstrated that the travels around the sun.
Answer: earth   (Locate)

16. The earth is 16 kilometers from the sun.
Answer: 150 million   (Locate)

17. It takes sunlight an average of 17 minutes to travel from the Sun to the Earth.
Answer: eight   (Locate)

18. The temperature of the sun is around 18 million degrees at its centre.
Answer: 15   (Locate)

19. The sun makes plants grow through the process of 19 .
Answer: photosynthesis   (Locate)

20. Human can turn sunlight into electricity with 20 .
Answer: solar cells   (Locate)

21. The sun helps our bodies produce 21  which is needed for us to have strong bones.
Answer: vitamin D   (Locate)

22. The sun's 22 keeps the planet in orbit.
Answer: gravity   (Locate)


Questions 23-28

The reading passage has six paragraphs, A-F.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

23     Paragraph  A
Answer: vi   (Locate)

24     Paragraph  B
Answer: v   (Locate)

25     Paragraph  C
Answer: viii   (Locate)

26     Paragraph  D
Answer: i   (Locate)

27     Paragraph  E
Answer: iv   (Locate)

28     Paragraph  F
Answer: iii   (Locate)

 

List of Headings

i

Why some plans have failed

ii

A rural and urban problem

iii

A possible success

iv

Explaining a new management style

v

Some relevant statistics

vi

A regular trip for some people

vii

Treating people for disease

viii

How water can change people’s lives

Questions 29-33 

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

29      The water levels in the Toiro River are falling because of
Answer: drought   (Locate)

30      Globally, the number of people who die each year as a result of using dirty water is
Answer: 3.3 million   (Locate)

31      When families have clean water, they can spend more time growing
Answer: crops   (Locate)

32       Specialist knowledge and equipment are needed to dig
Answer: wells   (Locate)

33       WaterAid uses a dam made of  to capture rainwater.
Answer: sand   (Locate)

Questions 34-35 

Choose TWO letters, A-E.

Which TWO of these activities were performed by the villagers of Orbesho?

A building a transport route

B digging a reservoir

C gathering building materials

D making pipes

E fitting taps
34. Answer: A OR C IN EITHER ORDER   (Locate)
35. Answer: A OR C IN EITHER ORDER   (Locate)


Questions 36-39 

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

36    What does the writer sav in the first paragraph about the opening of the Pompidou Centre?

A The elderly did not like it.

B The architects were not present.

C The atmosphere was very noisy.

D The people did not realise its importance.
Answer: D   (Locate)

37    What does the writer say in the second paragraph about the construction of the Pompidou?

A There was a hurry to complete it.

B It cost less than expected.

C Other experts helped draw the plans.

D The market location was criticised.
Answer: A   (Locate)

38    What is the writer’s main purpose in the third paragraph?

A to explain the multi-functional role of the centre

B to praise the architects for their design ideas

C to say why some people’s opinions quickly altered

D to show how the media benefited from its success
Answer: C   (Locate)

39    What was the architects’ ‘dream’, referred to in the fourth paragraph?

A to become famous

B to provide entertainment

C to allow visitors to use it freely

D to build the biggest museum in the world
Answer: C   (Locate)

Questions 40-43 

Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A-F, below.

40      The escalators and lifts inside the Pompidou
Answer: D   (Locate)

41      In the 1970s, pictures of the Pompidou
Answer: B   (Locate)

42      The original plans for the floors of the Pompidou
Answer: F   (Locate)

43     The detailed structure of the finished building
Answer: A   (Locate)

A reminded some people of past building styles.

B were used to decorate everyday objects.

C fitted in well with the external surroundings.

D were situated on one side of the building.

E showed people which area to visit.

F were changed during the construction process.

 

Questions 44-49 

Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A-F, below.

Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in the reading passage?

Write

YES                if the statement agrees with the views of the writer

NO                 if the statement contradicts the views of the writer

NOT GIVEN     if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

44      The Pompidou has influenced the way cities are designed.
Answer: YES   (Locate)

45        The Guggenheim has been more popular than the Pompidou.
Answer: NOT GIVEN

46        The word building fits the Pompidou better than the word construction.
Answer: NO   (Locate)

47        The Pompidou’s appearance has changed considerably since it opened.
Answer: NO   (Locate)

48        Nowadays, the design of the Pompidou fails to shock people.
Answer: NO   (Locate)

49        The traditionalist view of the Pompidou has changed over the years.
Answer: YES   (Locate)


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READING PASSAGE 1

Speed reading

What is speed reading, and why do we need it?

A - The fastest reading speeds / A definition of speed reading

Speed reading is not just about reading fast. It is also about how much information you can remember when you have finished reading . The World Championship Speed-Reading Competition says that its top competitors average between 1,000 and 2,000 words a minute . But they must remember at least 50 percent of this in order to qualify for the competition.

B - The types of people who need to read more quickly

Nowadays, speed reading has become an essential skill in any environment where people have to master a large volume of information. Professional workers need reading skills to help them get through many documents every day, while students under pressure to deal with assignments may feel they have to read more and read faster all the time.

C - What you should consider before you start reading

Although there are various methods to increase reading speed, the trick is deciding what information you want first . For example, if you only want a rough outline of an issue, then you can skim the material quickly and extract the key facts. However, if you need to understand every detail in a document, then you must read it slowly enough to understand this.

D

Even when you know how to ignore irrelevant detail, there are other improvements you can make to your reading style which will increase your speed. For example, most people can read much faster if they read silently. Reading each word aloud takes time for the information to make a complete circuit in your brain before being pronounced. Some researchers believe that as long as the first and last letters are in place, the brain can still understand the arrangement  of the other letters in the word because it logically puts each piece into place.

E

Chunking is another important method. Most people learn to read either letter by letter or word by word.  As you improve, this changes. You will probably find that you are fixing your eyes on a block of words, then moving your eyes to the next block of words, and so on. You are reading blocks of words at a time, not individual words one by one. You may also notice that you do not always go from one block to the next: sometimes you may move back to a previous block if you are unsure about something.

F

A skilled reader will read a lot of words in each block.  He or she will only look at each block for an instant and will then move on. Only rarely will the reader’s eyes skip back to a previous block of words. This reduces the amount of work that the reader’s eyes have to do.  It also increases the volume of information that can be taken in over a given period of time.

G - How a reader can become confused

On the other hand, a slow reader will spend a lot of time reading small blocks of words. He or she will skip back often , losing the flow and structure of the text, and muddling their overall understanding of the subject . This irregular eye movement quickly makes the reader tired . Poor readers tend to dislike reading because they feel it is difficult to concentrate and comprehend written information.

H - Why reading material should be interesting

The best tip anyone can have to improve their reading speed is to practise. In order to do this effectively, a person must be engaged in the material and want to know more . If you find yourself constantly having to re-read the same paragraph, you may want to switch to reading material that grabs your attention. If you enjoy what you are reading, you will make quicker progress.

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You can view the translation of this article in Vietnamese here .

READING PASSAGE 2

THE SUN

Imagine a world where the sun never sets. Children can laugh and play in the streets all through the night. Fishermen enjoy 24 hours of daylight on the open sea. To get any sleep, people must block all the light from their windows.

Now imagine a world with only darkness. Even in the middle of the day, the sun does not shine. The only light comes from the moon and the stars in the black sky. Cars must drive with their lights on all the time. When people awake in the morning, it looks like the middle of the night.

This is the situation for people who live above the Arctic Circle . The sun clearly influences their lives. This includes people in northern Russia, Canada, Alaska and Greenland. For part of the year they cannot see the sun. And part of the year the sun never disappears.

But do you ever think about the sun? All life depends on the power of the sun. Year after year, the sun warms the earth, gives us light, builds life on our planet, and even keeps us healthy.

Whatever early people thought about the sun, they did not know much about it. But as people began to use science they learned more about the sun. In 1543, Nicholas Copernicus demonstrated that the earth travels around the sun. One hundred years later, scientists estimated the distance to the sun. And as recently as 1904, a man named Ernest Rutherford showed how the sun produced such large amounts of heat. These people discovered that the sun is a star like all the other stars in the sky. However, for our planet, it is a very special star.

The earth is 150 million kilometers from the sun. Here is one way to imagine this great distance. Imagine that you are standing on the sun. Your friends are on the earth. If they turned on a light, it would take eight minutes for you to see it! But this is the perfect distance for the earth to use the sun's heat.

The temperature of the sun is around 6,000 degrees Celsius at its surface, and 15 million degrees at its centre! If the earth were any closer, we would burn. But if the earth were any further away, we would freeze. And yet, the sun is more than a big heater.

The sun also helps provide us with fresh air. The sun heats the oceans. Then the water heats the air. The changing air temperatures create most of the world's wind. Wind moves air to different places so plants can remove carbon dioxide from the air and create oxygen.

But the sun also affects plants directly. The sun makes plants grow through the process of photosynthesis . Plants can change light from the sun into energy. They use the energy to grow bigger and stronger. All life on earth depends on plants. Without the sun, we could not grow food for ourselves or for our animals.

Plants are not the only things who capture the power of the sun. Human can turn sunlight into electricity with solar cells . A solar cell collects the power of the sun and stores it. Then, this power can be used to run anything that uses electricity: cars, computers, or homes.

Besides all these amazing things, the sun also helps us to do something very simple, but needed. Without the sun, we would not be able to see anything!

The sun also helps people to be healthy and strong. It acts as a natural cleaner for our skin. The sun can help kill harmful bacteria that live on our skin. And the sun helps our bodies produce vitamin D . People need vitamin D to have strong bones.

The sun can also improve our mental health. In places where the sun does not shine, people can suffer from seasonal affective disorder. This is a kind of depression. People with season affective disorder do not have energy and feel sad. They are treated by sitting near a special light. But nothing is as good as being in real sunlight. Sunlight can help prevent depression and keep people happy. When the sun is shining, people have more hope about the future.

The sun does many other things as well. It helps us tell time. It controls the where and when animals travel. The sun's gravity keeps the planet in orbit. It even lets us see at night. This is because the sun shines on the moon and the moon sends the light down to the earth. The sun makes the colors of a rainbow after it rains. And it paints the sky during a sunset.

There are many things we still do not know about the sun. But the more we learn about the sun, the more we can thank God for giving us this wonderful gift.

READING PASSAGE 3

The burden of thirst

Millions of women carry water long distances. If they had a tap by their door, whole societies would be transformed.

A - A regular trip for some people

Aylito Binayo’s feet know the mountain. Even at four in the morning, she can run down the rocks to the river by starlight alone and climb the steep mountain back up to her village with a container of water on her back. She has made this journey three times a day since she was a small child .

So has every other woman in her village of Foro, in the Konso district of south-western Ethiopia in Africa. Binayo left school when she was eight years old, in part because she had to help her mother fetch water from the Toiro River. The water is unsafe to drink; every year that the drought continues, the river carries less water, and its flow is reduced. But it is the only water Foro has ever had.

B - Some relevant statistics

In developed parts of the world, people turn on a tap and out pours abundant, clean water. Yet nearly 900 million people in the world have no access to clean water. Furthermore, 2.5 billion people have no safe way to get rid of human waste. Polluted water and lack of proper hygiene cause disease and kill 3.3 million people around the world annually, most of them children. In southern Ethiopia and in northern Kenya, a lack of rain over the past few years has made even dirty water hard to find. But soon, for the first time, things are going to change.

C - How water can change people’s lives

Bringing clean water close to villagers’ homes is the key to the problem. Communities where clean water becomes accessible and plentiful are transformed . All the hours previously spent hauling water can be used to cultivate more crops , raise more animals or even start a business. Families spend less time sick or caring for family members who are unwell. Most important, not having to collect water means girls can go to school and get jobs. The need to fetch water for the family, or to take care of younger siblings while their mother goes, usually prevents them ever having this experience.

D - Why some plans have failed

But the challenges of bringing water to remote villages like those in Konso are overwhelming. Locating water underground and then reaching it by means of deep wells requires geological expertise and expensive, heavy machines. Abandoned wells and water projects litter the villages of Konso. In similar villages around the developing world, the biggest problem with water schemes is that about half of them break down soon after the groups that built them move on. Sometimes technology is used that can’t be repaired locally, or spare parts are available only in the capital.

E - Explaining a new management style

Today, a UK-based international non-profit organisation called WaterAid is tackling the job of bringing water to the most remote villages of Konso . Their approach combines technologies proven to last - such as building a sand dam to capture and filter rainwater that would otherwise drain away. But the real innovation is that WaterAid believes technology is only part of the solution . Just as important is involving the local community in designing, building and maintaining new water projects. Before beginning any project, WaterAid asks the community to create a WASH (water, sanitation, hygiene) committee of seven people. The committee works with WaterAid to plan projects and involve the village in construction. Then it maintains and runs the project.

F - A possible success

The people of Konso, who grow their crops on terraces they have dug into the sides of mountains, are famous for hard work. In the village of Orbesho, residents even constructed a road themselves so that drilling machinery could  come in. Last summer, their pump, installed by the river, was being motorised to push its water to a newly built reservoir on top of a nearby mountain. From there, gravity will carry it down in pipes to villages on the other side of the mountain. Residents of those villages have each given some money to help fund the project. They have made concrete and collected stones for the structures . Now they are digging trenches to lay pipes. If all goes well, Aylito Binayo will have a tap with safe water just a three-minute walk from her front door .

adapted from National Geographic magazine

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You can view the translation of this article in Vietnamese here .

READING PASSAGE 4

The Pompidou Centre

More than three decades after it was built, the Pompidou Centre in Paris has survived its moment at the edge of architectural fashion and proved itself to be one of the most remarkable buildings of the 20th century.

It was the most outstanding now building constructed in Paris for two generations. It looked like an explosion of brightly coloured service pipes in the calm of the city centre. However, when in 1977 the architects Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano stood among a large crowd of 5,000 at the opening of the Centre Culturel d'Art Georges Pompidou (known as the Pompidou), no one was really aware of the significance of this unusual building .

Rogers was only 38 when he and Piano won the competition to design a new cultural centre for Paris in the old market site. Young, unknown architects, they had been chosen from a field of nearly 700 to design one of the most prestigious buildings of its day. After six difficult years, with 25,000 drawings, seven lawsuits, battles over budgets, and a desperate last-minute scramble to finish the building , it had finally been done.

Yet the opening was a downbeat moment. The Pompidou Centre had been rubbished by the critics while it was being built, there was no more work in prospect for the architects, and their partnership had effectively broken down. But this was just a passing crisis . The Centre, which combined the national museum of modern art, exhibition space, a public library and a centre for modern music, proved an enormous success. It attracted six million visitors in its first year, and with its success, the critics swiftly changed their tune.

The architects had been driven by the desire for ultimate flexibility, for a building that would not limit the movement of its users . All the different parts were approached through the same enormous entrance hall and served by the same escalator, which was free to anyone to ride, whether they wanted to visit an exhibition or just admire the view. With all the services at one end of the building, escalators and lifts at the other , and the floors hung on giant steel beams providing uninterrupted space the size of two football pitches, their dream had become a reality.

The image of the Pompidou pervaded popular culture in the 1970s, making appearances everywhere - on record-album covers and a table lamp, and even acting as the set for a James Bond 1 film. This did much to overcome the secretive nature of the architectural culture of its time, as it enabled wider audience to appreciate the style and content of the building and so moved away from the strictly professional view.

The following year, Rogers was commissioned to design a new headquarters for Lloyd's Bank in London and went on to create one of Britain's most dynamic architectural practices. Piano is now among the world's most respected architects. But what of their shared creation?

It was certainly like no previous museum, with its plans for a flexible interior that not only had movable walls but floors that could also be adjusted up or down. This second feature did not in the end survive when the competition drawings were turned into a real building . In other ways, however, the finished building demonstrated a remarkable degree of refinement - of craftsmanship even - in the way the original diagram was transformed into a superbly detailed structure. It was this quality which, according to some critics, suggested that the Pompidou should be seen as closer to the 19th-century engineering tradition than the space age.

Nevertheless, as a model for urban planning, it has proved immensely influential. The Guggenheim in Bilbao* and the many other major landmark projects that were built in the belief that innovatively designed cultural buildings can bring about urban renewal are all following the lead of the Pompidou Centre.

Other buildings may now challenge it for the title of Europe s most outlandish work of architecture. However, more than a quarter of a century later, this construction - it is hard to call it a building when there is no façade, just a lattice of steel beams and pipes and a long external escalator snaking up the outside - still seems extreme.

Today, the Pompidou Centre itself still looks much as it did when it opened . The shock value of its colour-coded plumbing and its structure has not faded with the years. But while traditionalists regarded it as an ugly attack on Paris when it was built, they now see it for what it is - an enormous achievement, technically and conceptually.

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You can view the translation of this article in Vietnamese here .

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