Legend: Academic word (?) New word
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The charts below show information about animals and rainfall at the Nboro Nature Reserve.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Write about the following topic.
As a result of electronic inventions such as the computer and television, people do less physical activity, and this is having a negative effect on their health.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience.
1 Do you agree that people do less physical activity than in the past? Why? / Why not?
2 What areas of people’s lives have modern inventions affected in this way?
3 If you agree that people do less physical activity, do you agree that this has had a negative effect on their health?
4 Do you think people who do physical work or do a sport have better health than other people?
5 How might working with computers or watching television affect people’s health? Think about these things: eyes, weight, heart and muscles.
The barcharts show information about a number of zebras and buffalos and amount of annual rainfall per two years from 2005 to 2011 in Nboro Nature Reserve.
Overall, there was correlation between amount of zebras and total of rainfall whereas zebra’s number increased, if there were much rainfall. However, number of buffalos always increased although the rainfall less.
The population of zebras during the six-year period were fluctuated. In 2005, there were approximately 55 zebras. Two years after that, this rose to around 75 zebras. However, this slightly fell to 70 in 2009. In 2011, the number grew up to over 80 animals. During the same period, the number of buffalos steadily increased. This sharply rose around 30-40 buffalos to over 80 in 2007 and just under 120 in 2009, which slightly lower than 2011.
The rainfall in Nboro Nuter Reserve, the amount of rainfall in 2005 and 2009 were less than in 2007 and 2011. Rainfall per year in 2005 and 2009 were 650 and 700 milimetres while in 2007 and 2011 the amount of rainfall was increased to 1,100 mm and 1,200 mm.
There is no doubt that modern electronic inventions have transformed people’s jobs and their leisure time, so that many people spend less time taking exercise. However, it is not so certain that this has damaged their health.
As far as work is concerned, office employees have always worked sitting down, and computers have not changed that Computers have not affected physical jobs such as farming or building either, and people still do physical work like they did in the past In fact, other machines such as washing machines and tractors, not computers, have reduced the amount of physical work people do.
On the other hand, the way people spend their spare time has changed greatly. People spend many hours watching television and playing with their computers, so they do not do so much physical exercise. This is one of the things which has made more people overweight, and this affects their health when they are older.
However, people have also put on weight because they eat more food than in the past, so we should not blame modern inventions for everything What is more, new technologies have led to better medicine, and as a result people live longer.
In conclusion, I believe that generally people live more healthily now. In my view, it is difficult to argue that modern inventions have had a harmful influence on our health. On the other hand, we need to make sure that we still take a reasonable amount of exercise.