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Complete IELTS 1 - Writing Practice Test 3

There is no standard answer for Writing exam so please use this as a reference

Legend:       Academic word (?)           New word


WRITING TASK 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The table and the bar chart below give information about travelling to work in Houston, Texas.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

% of travellers per form of transport

average age of traveller

car (1 person)

48

43

car (more than 1 person)

11

44

cycle/walk

4

39

train/bus

37

47

Write at least 150 words. 

  • What does the table show?
  • Which is the most common means of transport?
  • Which is the least common?
  • Which group of travellers has the highest average age?
  • Which group of travellers has the lowest average age?
  • What does the chart show?
  • Which forms of transport cause little or no pollution?
  • Which form of transport causes the most pollution?

WRITING TASK 2

Write about the following topic.

Some people think that the best way to run a business is within the family.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of a family run business?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience.

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SAMPLE WRITING TASK 1

The table and chart show the percentages of commuters using different modes of transport in Houston, Texas, their average ages and how much carbon dioxide each type of traveller produces.

The most popular form of transport is the car, with 48 percent of people travelling to work alone and a further 11 percent sharing cars to work. On the other hand, 37 percent of commuters use trains or buses, while just 4 percent cycle or walk.

Commuters using public transport are, at 47, on average, three or four years older than people using private cars. People using private cars are, at 43 or 44, four or five years older than those who walk or cycle.

People travelling alone by car produce the most carbon dioxide, slightly more than 0.3 kilos per person per kilometre. By comparison, people who share transport produce 0.08 kilos, whereas those using public transport produce only a tiny amount.

Overall, the most popular form of transport, the car, is also the one which produces the most pollution.

SAMPLE WRITING TASK 2

It is thought by some people that family run business has some advantages with its unique family bond relationship over the normal businesses. However, as the business grows, the limitation of family run business will appear.
One evident benefit to running business with family members is that the business is based on a more grounded foundation as each family member understands each other better than just normal business partners. This benefit is especially critical for lots of start-ups. Family bond relationship will definitely help to reduce the misunderstanding and disputes at the early stage of a business. Also, family members tend to have more dedication to their common goals, this is extremely helpful for a new business that is usually on the shortage of labours and cannot afford big staff turnovers.

However, as the business grows larger and larger, the limitation of the family-run business will appear. A fundamental drawback is that the staff is selected and hired purely based on the family relationship instead of the skill set. When there is a position cannot be fulfilled by family members, it is inevitable to hire personnel outside of the family. This is usually when the problems come into the business. The old family based management system will not be suitable for a larger business scale. The business will confront problems in human resources, succession, sibling relationship, identity development and so on. Lots of family run company fail in this transition from a family run start-up to a company in a larger scale if the care was not taken to reform their management team and company structure.

In conclusion, while having family members as founding members within a company is advantageous as the business started, better management system and company structure are required as the business grows larger to overcome the limitation of the family run business. 

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