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You should spend about 20 minutes on this task
The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
You should write at least 150 words.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge of the following topic:
News editors decide what to broadcast on television and what to print in newspapers. What factors do you think influence these decisions? Do we become used to bad news? Would it be better if more good news was reported?
You should write at least 250 words.
Use your own ideas, knowledge and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence.
The given bar chart compares the per week spending of British citizens on three fast food items in 1990 while the line graph shows the consumption of these items from 1970 to 1990. As is seen from the given illustration, expenditure on fast food varied based on people’s income and the pizza was the most consumed item in 70’s but in later years consumption of fish & chips become the highest.
According to the bar graph, high-income class people spent more money on the hamburger (more than 40 Pence/person) than on fish & chips and pizza. Their spending was also higher than average and low-income class people on fast food. Average income class people also spent more on hamburgers but their spending on fish and chips (25 pence) was more than other two income groups. Finally, the low-income class British spent comparatively low on fast food items and fish& chips cost them most (about 17 pence per person). They spent the least amount on purchasing pizza (only about 7 pence/person).
On the other hand, the line graph shows the consumption of these three fast food items by British people from 1970 to 1990. Initially, Pizza consumption in Britain was highest (300 gm per person) in 1970. In this year less than 80 gm of hamburger and fish& chips were consumed by an average person. Over the time pizza consumption declined among British citizens and Fish and Chips became the highest consumed fast food item in 1990 with 500 gm consumption per person.
In today’s modern world, a growing amount of news and information on television or newspapers have considerably influenced the public. Besides, what factors are impacted on reporting information on news media is an issue many people feel strongly about. This essay will discuss various influences as well as associated with phenomenon above.
As far as I am concerned, there is a wide range of factor accounting for publishing news and broadcasts. The most noticeable, I believe, is that aiming at a high audience rating so as to maximise profits. This leads to pursuing the increasingly diverse needs of viewers from all walks of life in order to satisfy and cater to them. Another contributory factor is that for many countries, news editors have to succumb to political pressure, distorting facts and misleading the public. To put it another way, they are controlled entirely by powerful political parties and enjoined to disregard the truth. This is particularly true in many undemocratic countries like Chinese, North Korea, and Vietnam where information is seriously censored and even disseminated political ideals to guide public opinions.
Moreover, living in the information era, people are bombarded with the daily amount of news, including good and bad news, from multiple media. Today’s coverage and press might sometimes be less trustworthy mainly because it often exaggerates the level of the real information, in order to boost the attention of the desired audiences. Furthermore, some media companies use the stories of people’s private life, seductive images and violent or obscene contents to appeal viewers, especially teenagers. It means that their thoughts and behaviours might be changed and shows a tendency to hatred, violence, jealousy, and even copycat phenomenon. However, the role of news media in reporting good news, such as someone’s achievement and human stories, should be acknowledged. That will make quicker progress toward society better.
In conclusion, what today’s news and information on media we receive is influenced by some main factors as hooking viewers, increasing profits, and obeying political regulations. Besides, the news media can have a double-edged impact on society by the good and bad news. By doing so, we can ensure that choosing information carefully before reading and watching are indispensable to us.