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You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The first chart below shows how energy is used in an average Australian household. The second chart shows the greenhouse gas emissions which result from this energy use.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant
Write at least 150 words.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge of the following topic.
It is important for children to learn the difference between right and wrong at an early age. Punishment is necessary to help them learn this distinction.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
What sort of punishment should parents and teachers be allowed to use to teach good behaviour to children?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
The first pie chart illustrates average energy usages in a typical Australian family while the second pie chart shows the percentage of greenhouse gas emission from this energy consumption. As is presented, water heating and heating & cooling consume the highest energy and they produce the highest percentage of greenhouse gas in Australia.
According to the given data, water heating system consumed 23% of total energy consumption in an Australian household while heating and cooling system require 20% energy. Refrigeration consumed 12% energy which is larger than that of energy requirement for cooking and lighting. Finally, 5% energy is consumed in standby mode and the remaining 24% energy is required for all other household appliances.
On the other hand, heating and cooling systems contribute to the highest percentage of greenhouse gas emission which is 38%. Water heaters, though require more energy than heating and cooling, emit comparatively lesser greenhouse gas (25%). These two systems produce the highest percentage of greenhouse gas in Australia. Cooking, lighting and refrigeration generate 18% greenhouse gas in total and all other appliances and standby mode generate 19% such gas.
Children are at such age of their life when they merely distinguish between the right and the wrong. It is very necessary for parents and teachers to teach them the same, first, by suggestion or advice followed by punishment as many times their inexperienced mind tempt them to do mistakes. Punishment should not affect a child negatively; rather it must be constructive for them.
Nowadays children are most vulnerable to get affected by surroundings and electronic media as they easily get exposed to such media. It is impossible to protect them getting exposed to the external environment. Hence it is mandatory for parents or teachers to make them aware of morality and injustice at this age and sometimes punishment is necessary to protect them. At an early age, a child possesses boundless curiosity as he is just exposed to an outside world or society. Thus they imitate what they see and that turns out to be disastrous at times. To avoid that minor punishment is the best way as fear of punishment makes them stay away from many wrong doings. To prove that, the Stanford university had done many surveys on children and the results show that 80% children who had already been punished for their particular mistakes had not repeated the same, on a flip side only 40% who are just advised.
On the other hand, punishments should always be associated with some lesson for children. Punishment must be fruitful and it must not be physically or mentally harmful. For example, world's nursery in Japan asks children to plant trees as a punishment. Many schools in India punish children by asking them to run few kilometres. Such punishments are constructive for children's health and society as well.
To conclude, I believe that children have to learn about positives and negatives at this age and punishment is one of the effective ways to guide them learn this distinction. However, parents and teachers must use constructive and positive punishments to show them the right path.