Legend: Academic word (?) New word
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The charts below show the proportions of British students at one university in England who were able to speak other languages in addition to in 2000 and 2010.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant
Write at least 150 words.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:
Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is recycled. They say that the only way to increase recycling is for governments to make it a legal requirement
To what extent do you think laws are needed to make people recycle more of their waste?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
The pie charts illustrate the fact that there was an overall increase in the number of students speaking a foreign language over the ten year period; increasing from 10% in 2000 to 20% in 2010, and that in both 2000 and 2010 Spanish was the most commonly spoken second language by British students at the university in question, increasing in popularity from 30% in 2000 to 35% in 2010.
There was also a 5% increase in the number of students who spoke two foreign languages other than English; however, there was a decrease of 5% in the amount of students speaking French and the number of students speaking German remained unchanged, with only 10% of students speaking it, exactly the same number as in 2000.
The data shows students opting for alternative languages to French and German, with Spanish and other languages accounting for the 10% overall increase in the languages spoken by students.
Waste recycling and people’s participation in it is a moot issue and a lot of arguments could be observed around us as well as in the media whether people should personally and spontaneously take part in recycling process or the government should make it a legal obligation. I personally believe that government should impose laws and severe fine in case of violation of these laws to ensure proper home waste recycling.
First, waste recycling is done by different government and private organisations while citizens of a country are expected to properly divide the recyclable and non-recyclable wastages and pack them accordingly while dumping them in the recycle bins. They are simply expected to cooperate in the recycling process. However, it is a strange fact that people still do not participate in the recycling process spontaneously in most of the cases either from their negligence or from their lack of time to do so.
Second, it is a harsh truth that people in many cases abide by a rule only from the fear of punishment or fine, not from their conscience. For instance, when the fine for violation of traffic rules was made quite high, people started following them in my city. Similarly, if laws are introduced and fine is made higher for not participating in waste recycling more people would recycle more of their wastages.
Third, waste recycling is a very handy process to save our environment and we already have many rules to protect our environment. While deforesting is a severe crime in my country, there is no visible law for not recycling the waste. This is why people are very careless about their waste production and this has created a throwaway society in our country.
In conclusion, I believe that most of the citizens in our country already know about the importance of saving our environment and how individual efforts of recycling can improve our environmental conditions. Since many of them still do not participate in doing so, there is no alternative than to impose laws to have this done.